Parts of the Earth
Plate Tectonics
Rock Cycle
Soil
Mining

100

What is the name of the thinnest layer of the Earth?
The Crust

100

What are boundary plates called that move away from each other?
Divergent plates

100

What is the name of the type of rock that is formed when molten rock cools?
Igneous Rock

100

What is the name of the diagram which shows all of the layers of soil?
A soil profile

100

What is the process called where ore is taken from the ground?
Extraction

200

What is the name of the area at convergent plates where one plate is forced under another?
Subduction Zone

200

Which plate collided with the Eurasian Plate to create the Himalayas?
Indian Plate

200

What needs to happen for sedimentary rock to be changed into metamorphic rock?
It needs to be put under heat and pressure.

200

What is the layer of soil underneath the topsoil layer called?
Subsoil

200

Name a mineral mined in Nunavut
Diamonds

300

Which is thicker: oceanic crust or continental crust?
continental crust

300

What are two pieces of evidence that Alfred Wegener gave for Continental Drift Theory?
1) Continental Puzzle 2) Fossils (plant and animal) 3) Glaciers 4) Coral 5) Rocks/mountains

300

You find a rock which has wavy lines of many colours in it. What type of rock is it likely to be?
Metamorphic Rock

300

What are all of the layers of soil on top of the bedrock called?
Regolith

300

Name two benefits of the oil sands
jobs economic growth feed our dependency on oil

400

Which layer of the earth is a solid ball of iron?
Inner Core

400

What type of plate boundaries created the San Andreas Fault Line?
Transform Plates

400

Give an example of biological weathering.
Plants' roots breaking apart a rock

400

Name two reasons that soil conservation is important
Important to sustain life (all life) Important to our economy (farming)

400

Name two drawbacks to the oil sands
increase cancer rates breaking of treaties poisoning fish birds can land in tailings ponds contaminated air and water

500

What is the name given to the outer mantle and the crust? (hint: it ends in "sphere")
Lithosphere

500

Name two oceanic plates
Pacific Nazco Scotia Cocos

500

What needs to happen to igneous rock to become sedimentary rock? (name 3 things)
weathering/erosion, deposition, compaction, cementation

500

How long does it take to create 2.5 cm of top soil?
apx. 250 years.

500

Name two minerals that are mined in Manitoba
Nickel, cobalt