Parts of the Earth
Plate Tectonics
Rock Cycle
Soil
Mining
100
What is the name of the thinnest layer of the Earth?
The Crust
100
What are boundary plates called that move away from each other?
Divergent plates
100
What is the name of the type of rock that is formed when molten rock cools?
Igneous Rock
100
What is the name of the diagram which shows all of the layers of soil?
A soil profile
100
What is the process called where ore is taken from the ground?
Extraction
200
What is the name of the area at convergent plates where one plate is forced under another?
Subduction Zone
200
Which plate collided with the Eurasian Plate to create the Himalayas?
Indian Plate
200
What needs to happen for sedimentary rock to be changed into metamorphic rock?
It needs to be put under heat and pressure.
200
What is the layer of soil underneath the topsoil layer called?
Subsoil
200
Name a mineral mined in Nunavut
Diamonds
300
Which is thicker: oceanic crust or continental crust?
continental crust
300
What are two pieces of evidence that Alfred Wegener gave for Continental Drift Theory?
1) Continental Puzzle 2) Fossils (plant and animal) 3) Glaciers 4) Coral 5) Rocks/mountains
300
You find a rock which has wavy lines of many colours in it. What type of rock is it likely to be?
Metamorphic Rock
300
What are all of the layers of soil on top of the bedrock called?
Regolith
300
Name two benefits of the oil sands
jobs economic growth feed our dependency on oil
400
Which layer of the earth is a solid ball of iron?
Inner Core
400
What type of plate boundaries created the San Andreas Fault Line?
Transform Plates
400
Give an example of biological weathering.
Plants' roots breaking apart a rock
400
Name two reasons that soil conservation is important
Important to sustain life (all life) Important to our economy (farming)
400
Name two drawbacks to the oil sands
increase cancer rates breaking of treaties poisoning fish birds can land in tailings ponds contaminated air and water
500
What is the name given to the outer mantle and the crust? (hint: it ends in "sphere")
Lithosphere
500
Name two oceanic plates
Pacific Nazco Scotia Cocos
500
What needs to happen to igneous rock to become sedimentary rock? (name 3 things)
weathering/erosion, deposition, compaction, cementation
500
How long does it take to create 2.5 cm of top soil?
apx. 250 years.
500
Name two minerals that are mined in Manitoba
Nickel, cobalt
Click to zoom
M
e
n
u