Atmosphere - Wind
Ocean - Currents
Water Cycle
Weather/Weather Predictions
Climate
100

What is wind like at the equator?

low because it air pressure low

100

What energy input drives ocean currents?

sunlight

100

What is evaporation?

liquid to gas

100

What is weather?

the temperature, precipitation, humidity, etc. right now

100

What is climate and what is it usually measured in?

average TEMPERATURE and PRECIPITATION over a long period of time

200

What can wind transport?

energy, organic matter, dust, pollen

200

What are things ocean currents can transfer?

energy, nutrients, organisms, matter, etc.

200

What is condensation?

gas to liquid

200

Why are weather predictions not 100% accurate?

weather is always changing and it is a complex phenomenon

200

How does the ocean affect weather and climate?

absorbs energy, reflects heat back, transfers energy to other places

300

What is the Coriolis Effect?

Earth's rotation causes the wind to curve and not follow a straight line

300

What drives deep currents?

density differences, the less dense water rises etc.

300

What is sublimation?

solid to gas

300

What is an example of predicting weather with probability?

EX: 20% chance of snow

300

What is the Rain Shadow Effect?

air rises up one side of the mountain, cools to form clouds and precipitation, but can't rise over the mountain leaving the other side dry

400

How are the wind and ocean currents related?

wind moves the surface currents in the same direction

400

How does Earth's rotation affect ocean currents?

It causes them to curve = Coriolis Effect

400

What is transpiration?

liquid to gas from plant leaves

400

What do high and low pressure systems bring?

high = clear skies

low = storms

400

What are the six factors that impact climate?

elevation, latitude, ocean currents, large bodies of water, prevailing winds, landmasses

500

What causes wind?

sun heats Earth unevenly -> temperature differences -> pressure differences -> wind

500

What is salinity and how does it impact ocean currents?

Salinity is the amount of salt in the water, the more salt the more dense 

500

What two processes or forces drive the water cycle?

energy from the sun and gravity

500

How does a hurricane form?

warm air over the ocean rises, creating low pressure at the surface, more air flows in, warms up and rises and begins to rotate

500

What is the climate like for an inland area versus the coast at the same latitude?

the inland area has more variety in weather and the coast stays the same

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