Vocabulary
Food Webs
Biomes
Biodiversity
Misc.

100

An environment that provides the things an organism neds to live, grow, and reproduce.
What is a habitat?

100

These organisms produce energy through the use of photosynthesis.

What are plants?

100

A group of land ecosystems with similar climates and organisms.

What is a biome?

100

The definition of biodiversity is _____________________.

What is the variety of different organisms living in a certain area?

100

The organism that a parasite lives in or on in a parasitism interaction.

What is a host?

200

The community of organisms that live in a particular area, along with their nonliving surroundings. This includes abiotic and biotic factors.
What is an ecosystem?

200

These organisms are herbivores, therefore they are called ______________ consumers.

What is primary?

200

The biome you would be in if you were standing on a bitterly cold, dry plain with only a few, short plants scattered around.

What is the tundra?

200

The term given to a species that plays a very important role in an ecosystem. The ecosystem would fall apart quickly if this species disappeared.

What is a keystone species?

200

An organism that is killed and eaten by another organism.

What is prey?

300

A relationship between two species in which one species benefits and the other is neither helped nor harmed.

What is commensalism?

300

These organisms are typically at the top of the food chain. They are called ____________ consumers.

What is tertiary?

300

The two major types of water ecosystems.

What are freshwater and marine.

300

What keeps a population from infinitely growing?

Limiting factors


300

A carnivore that feeds on the bodies of dead organisms.

What is a scavenger?

400

An organism that breaks down gases and dead organisms.

What is a decomposer?

400

This is a way to show how energy in a food web is allocated. Usually there is a large base and a pointed top.

What is an energy pyramid?

400

The name given to trees that lose their leaves during the winter.

What is decidious?

400

What is the term for competition between two or more members of the same species?

Intraspecific competition

400

An interaction in which one organism kills another for food.

What is predation?

500

A series of events in which one organism eats another and obtains energy. Usually written on one line.

What is a food chain?

500

What is the percentage of energy LOST as it moves from producer to primary consumer to secondary consumer?

What is 90%?

500

List 3 of the 6 major biomes according to the text.

What are the rain forest, desert, grassland, deciduous forest, boreal forest, or tundra?

500

This group of species are very sensitive to environmental changes. Usually they are the first to be hurt due to pollution.

What are indicator species?

500

A group of organisms that are physically similar and can mate with each other and produce offspring that can also mate and reproduce.

What is a species?