Vocabulary
Food Webs
Relationships
Energy in Living Things
Misc.

100

An environment that provides the things an organism neds to live, grow, and reproduce.
What is a habitat?

100

These organisms produce energy through the use of photosynthesis.
What are plants, autotrophs, or producers?

100

When two or more organisms trying to use the same limited resources.
What is competition?

100

Organisms that use sunlight to make their own food are known as ____________.
What is the producers?

100

The organism that a parasite lives in or on in a parasitism interaction.
What is a host?

200

The community of organisms that live in a particular area, along with their nonliving surroundings. This includes abiotic and biotic factors.
What is an ecosystem?

200

These organisms are herbivores, therefore they are called ______________ consumers.
What is primary?

200

The shrimp cleans the goby fish; and the goby fish provides food for the shrimp. Name the symbiotic relationship between these two organisms.
What is mutualism?

200

A consumer that eats both plants and meat is called a ________________.
What is an omnivore?

200

An organism that is killed and eaten by another organism.
What is prey?

300

A relationship between two species in which one species benefits and the other is neither helped nor harmed.
What is commensalism?

300

These organisms are typically at the top of the food chain. They are called ____________ consumers.
What is tertiary?

300

A good parasite never _____________ its host.
What is kills?

300

Name 2 decomposers.
What are earthworms, bacteria, and fungi?

300

A carnivore that feeds on the bodies of dead organisms.
What is a scavenger?

400

An organism that breaks down wastes and dead organisms. They are known as "nature's recyclers".
What is a decomposer?

400

This is a way to show how energy in a food web is allocated. Usually there is a large base and a pointed top.
What is an energy pyramid?

400

_____________________ are long term changes that take place between two organisms because of their close interactions with one another.
What is coevolution?

400

The amount of energy that is passed on from one trophic (feeding) level to another in an energy pyramid.
What is 10%?

400

Name 2 limiting factors that prevents a population from growing larger than its carrying capacity.
What are food, water, space, and disease?

500

An organisms behavior, breeding habits, gestation, what is eats, and where it lives are all part of its ______________.
What is a niche?

500

What is the percentage of energy LOST as it moves from producer to primary consumer to secondary consumer?
What is 90%? (only 10% is transferred to the next consumer)

500

A ______________ is a group of individuals of the same species that live in the same area at the same time.
What is population?

500

These organisms make up the base of the energy pyramid.
What are producers?

500

A group of organisms that are physically similar and can mate wit each other and produce offspring that can also mate and reproduce.
What is a species?