Figurative Language
Context Clues
Literary Terms
Central Idea

a comparison not using like or as



If the lightbulb is too dim to illuminate the room, it should be replaced. 

Using context clues, what does illuminate mean?

light up

What is an inference?

an educated guess


What is theme?

the message or lesson of the story


What is 'Central Idea'?

main idea / main focus on the text / gist


giving human objects nonhuman traits



We do not like how the animals in the circus are treated, so our plan is to boycott the circus.  

Using context clues, what does boycott mean?

refuse to support


What does 'summary' mean?

a short retelling of the text


True or False: Theme can be a one worded answer

False: Your answer should NOT be a one worded answer. It needs to be a complete sentence.

For example, 'happiness' is NOT a correct theme answer. But, 'money cannot buy happiness' is a CORRECT answer.


What is the central idea of the given text?

A penny for your thoughts? If it’s a 1943 copper penny, it could be worth as much as fifty thousand dollars. In 1943, most pennies were made out of steel since copper was needed for World War II, so the 1943 copper penny is ultra-rare. Another rarity is the 1955 double die penny. These pennies were mistakenly double stamped, so they have overlapping dates and letters. If it’s uncirculated, it’d easily fetch $25,000 at an auction. Now that’s a pretty penny.

The paragraph is about rare and valuable pennies

Sally sells sea shells by the sea shore



The company had to demolish the building to make room for the new parking lot.  

Using context clues, what does demolish mean?



What is the difference between compare and contrast?

Compare: finding how things are similar/alike

Contrast: finding differences between things


True or False: Theme can include characters names.

False: Your theme answer should NOT included characters' names or anything specifically related to the text. Your theme answer should be to be applied to any text.


What is the central idea of the passage?

Before you put on that skeleton costume and rove door-to-door pandering for candy, take a minute to reflect on this tradition. Halloween is believed to have come from an ancient Celtic festival dating back some 2,000 years. November 1st was the Celtic New Year and marked the end of summer to the Celts. They celebrated on its eve by wearing costumes made of animal skins and dancing around bon fires. Over the next two millennia, this primitive celebration grew to be the candy fueled costume ball that we know today.

The origin of Halloween


what is the difference between a simile and a metaphor

Although both literary devices compare to unlike things, a simile uses "like" or "as" while a metaphor does not.

The best way to describe Anna is she is ambitious. Anna continued to study every night to pass her exam. She would skip hangouts with friends to spend time making review flash cards.

Using context clues, what does ambitious mean?

someone who works hard and is driven to succeed


What is tone and mood?

Tone: how The Author feels

Mood: My feelings (the reader)


What is the trick you learned to remember theme?

Theme = TheMessage


What is the central idea of the passage?

When one hears the term "reality" applied to a show, one might expect that the events portrayed occurred naturally or, at the least, were not scripted. This is not always the case. Many reality shows occur in unreal environments, like rented mansions occupied by film crews. Such living environments do not reflect what most people understand to be "reality." Worse, there have been accusations that events not captured on film were later restaged by producers. Worse still, some involved in the production of "reality" television claim that the participants were urged to act out story lines premeditated by producers. With such accusations floating around, it's no wonder many people take reality TV to be about as real as the sitcom.

The passage is about how reality tv isn't always "real"


a literary device that uses one or more of our five senses to describe what is happening in a text



He knew his tower was precariousand when he noticed the building blocks started to wobble and tip over to one side.

Using context clues, what does precariousand mean?

likely to fall apart


What is point of view?



What is the THEME of the given passage?

"Mike, could you please fix the leak in the roof?" Katie asked her husband politely, but he was sick of what felt like his wife nagging him. "I'll get to it when I get to it," he replied brusquely. A small dripdrop of water collected in a cooking pot on the living room floor. The next time it rained, Katie had to use a large bucket. The leak was growing in size. "Mike, I really need you to patch the roof. It is getting worse," Katie warned her husband, but again he was in no mood to take direction. "Do I really need to keep saying this, Katie? I'm tired from working. I want to watch the game. I will patch the leak later," but Mike did not patch the leak and it continued expanding. A few weeks later a torrential rainstorm hit. The water poured through the roof. Some of it damaged the floor. But Mike didn't even seem to notice until the rain fell on his widescreen television.

Don't wait until a problem gets out of hand to address it. / Don't procrastinate / Take the advice of others.


What is the central idea of the passage?

Screech! When a driver pushes on the brake pedal, it initiates a process that causes the vehicle to stop in motion. We literally trust braking systems with our lives every time we get into a vehicle or cross at a busy intersection. How does this life-critical process work? It begins when the pedal is pushed. At this moment brake fluid is released into the braking mechanisms. As the fluid collects, this creates a leverage, which causes a friction to be applied. This friction will create a force that will cause the wheels to stop and allow you to reach your destination safely. Beep! Beep!

The passage is about how braking systems function on an automobile