Application Problems
Energy Source
Pollution
Renewable/Nonrenewable resources
Extra

100

Joan and her friend decided to help reduce the use of fossil fuels. Which of the following should they suggest to their friends and family?

a. Using plastic bags at the grocery store

b. Walking to work instead of driving a car

c. Driving to work

d. Keeping the lights on all day

B. Walking to work instead of driving a car.

100

Which energy resource would be a nest for a city that has limited open space and wants to use an efficient source of energy?

A. Wind Energy: Turbines must be in a location free of obstructions 40% to 80% efficiency.

B. Biomass: Uses agricultural and forest industry bi-products 25% to 30% efficiency.

C. Natural Gas: Can be used in smaller, existing facilities 50% to 60% efficiency.

D. Solar energy: Costly to build facility 6% to 30% efficiency

C. Natural gas: Can be used in smaller, existing facilities 50% to 60% efficiency.

100

The burning of fossil fuels has a direct effect on the environment. The greatest direct effect is...

A. Animals being driven from their homes

B. Pollution being added to the air

C. Plants in nearby ponds being killed

D. Powerful winds being created

B. Pollution being added to the air

100

Which of the following is considered a nonrenewable resource?

a. Sunlight energy

b. Water behind a dam

c. Fossil fuels

d. Wind energy

C. Fossil fuels

100

What is a renewable resource?

A resource that can be replenished.

200

A local school has added solar panels to its roof to collect energy from the Sun to power the school. What is a benefit of using such an energy source?

a. Solar panels are expensive, so they will make the school look better

b. Solar panels are inexpensive, so they will save the school money.

c. Solar panels use a nonrenewable energy source, so they will reduce the use of renewable resources.

d. Solar panels use a renewable energy source, so they will reduce the use of nonrenewable resources.

D. Solar panels use a renewable energy source, so they will reduce the use of nonrenewable resources.

200

Coal                  Remains of land plants           21

Natural Gas       Tiny ocean organisms            25

Oil                     Tiny ocean organisms           37

Which of the following statements is supported by the evidence above?

a. More oil is used in the USA than any other country

b. The fuels we use for energy are found only in the ocean

c. All of these fuel types are natural resources

d. Nonrenewable resources cause the most pollution

 

C. All of these fuel types are natural resources

200

One source of global warming is too much carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere. What is a way to decrease the amount of CO2?

A. stop littering

B. Increase recycling

C. Plant more trees

D. Save endangered animal populations

C. Plant more trees

200

Which of the following is considered a renewable resource?

a. Sunlight energy

b. Fossil fuels

c. Coal

d. Wood

A. Sunlight energy

D. Wood

200

What is a nonrenewable resource?

A resource that cannot be replaced

300

Mark’s energy bill is outrageous and costing him a fortune. To help lower his bill, he is researching various alternative energy sources. Which of the following would be the most beneficial energy source for him?

a. Coal

b. Oil

c. Wind turbines

d. Solar panels

D. Solar Panels

300

To support the claim that human consumption of natural resources has a negative effect on the environment, what data would we need to show?

a. An increase in human lifespan over time and a global increase in sea level

b. An increase in human population and an increase in habitat for plants and animals

c. An increase in the burning of fossil fuels by humans and a decrease in the use of other resources

d. An increase in consumption of resources by humans an increase in biodiversity

C. An increase in burning fossil fuels by humans and a decrease in the use of other resources

300

Which container is most biodegradable?

A. Glass bottle

B. Metal can

C. Paper bag

D. Plastic jar

C. Paper bag

300

A group of researchers developed solar-powered cars. What is the advantage of using solar-powered cars instead of gasoline-powered cars?

a. Solar-powered cars create less air pollution than gasoline-powered cars

b. Solar-powered cars can be manufactured more easily than gasoline-powered cars

c. Solar-powered cars are faster than gasoline-powered cars

d. Solar-powered cars are cheaper than gasoline-powered cars.

A. Solar- powered cars create less air pollution than gasoline-powered cars

300

What is the difference between a renewable and nonrenewable resource?

A renewable resource can be replaced whereas a nonrenewable resource cannot be replaced.

400

The population in the city of Boise has consistently increased over the last five years. Which of the following may be occurring due to the increase?

a. An increase in water availability

b. An increase in forested land

c. A decrease in air pollution

d. A decrease in natural resources

D. A decrease in natural resources

400

Which activity is the best example of recycling?

a. Cutting down trees for lumber

b. Drilling into ocean basins for oil

c. Making new paper from previously used paper

d. Using public transportation to travel to a city

C. Making new paper from previously used paper

400

Which human activity positively impacts all organisms in an environment?

A. Building factories that create air pollution

B. Cutting down a forest for farmland

C. Creating a natural preserve for humans and animals

D. Dumping toxic waste into a nearby river

C. Creating a natural preserve for humans and animals

400

Which phrase would be appropriate for the blank?

Technological advance : Nuclear power plant         

Positive impact : Provides efficient, inexpensive energy

Negative Impact:  _____________

a. Produces radioactive waste

b. Reduces the country’s dependence on fossil fuels

c. Does not add greenhouse gases to the atmosphere

d. Reduces carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere

A. Produces radioactive waste

400

What is clean energy?

A. Energy that pollutes the atmosphere

B. Energy that does not pollute the atmosphere when used

C. Coal, oil, and natural gas

B. Energy that does not pollute the atmosphere when used

500

Water conservation has become a very important issue for society. Why would watering crops, grass, and other plants early in the morning be considered a good way to conserve water?

a. Water absorbed in the ground can be recycled for use later in the day.

b. Air temperature is usually cooler in the morning so less water evaporates.

c. Water can only be absorbed early in the morning.

d. More water is available in the morning hours.

B. Air temperature is usually cooler in the morning so less water evaporates.

500

What is clean energy? Name three forms of clean energy generation.

Wind, solar, water

500

One of the problems with using certain resources for energy is pollution. One type of pollution is carbon dioxide emissions. Which nonrenewable resource would be the best choice for energy use based on its output of carbon dioxide?

A. Coal

B. Petroleum

C. Natural gas

D. Wind energy

C. Natural gas

500

Should people conserve both renewable and nonrenewable energy resources? Why or why not?

500

What does the term biodegradable mean?

A. An item that can break down into natural materials in the environment without causing harm

B. The pollution of the atmosphere

C. The breaking down of earth's materials

A. An item that can break down into natural materials in the environment without causing harm