Potential or Kinetic?
Types of Energy
Energy Transformations
True or False
Wildcard
100

A ball sitting on a table

Potential

100

What type of energy can we hear?

Sound

100

Using a toaster to make toast.

Electrical-->Mechanical-->Thermal

100

As mass increases, kinetic energy decreases. 

False

100

What is the difference between a substance and a mixture?

Substance=fixed composition

Mixture=can be separated by physical means

200

A ball rolling across the floor

Kinetic

200

What type of energy do we need wires, cords, and/or plugs to use?

Electrical

200

Turning on a light in your room.

Mechanical-->Electrical-->Light/Thermal

200

As velocity increases, kinetic energy increases. 

True

200

What is the difference between a physical and a chemical change?

Physical change= identity of the object remains the same

Chemical change= forms a new substance

300

A skydiver in the plane before falling. 

Potential

300

Is chemical energy stored or moving?

Stored
300

Charging your phone and then turning it on to use it.

Electrical-->Light and Sound

300

Energy is the ability to do work and the movement of particles from place to place. 

True

300

What are the 3 ways that heat can transfer called?

Conduction, Convection, Radiation

400

A ball reaching its highest point in the sky before falling. 

Potential
400

What are the 4 types of energy we know that fall under "potential energy"?

Chemical, Nuclear, Elastic, Gravitational

400

A person making music on a piano. 

Mechanical-->Sound

400

Energy can change forms and it can be destroyed. 

False

400

What is the difference between an element and a molecule?

Element= simplest form of matter; one type of atom

Molecules=two of more atoms/elements combined

500

A roller coaster as it begins to go down the first hill

Losing potential, gaining kinetic

500

What are the 5 types of energy we know that fall under the category of "kinetic energy"?

Light, Sound, Thermal, Mechanical, & Electrical

500

Sunlight shining on plants to help them grow. 

Light/Thermal-->Chemical

500

Volume and velocity are the two factors that affect the amount of kinetic energy in an object. 

False

500

What are conductors and insulators of thermal energy? Give an example of each.

Conductors=Allow thermal energy to pass through easily

Insulators=Block the passing of thermal energy

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