Literary Terms
Context Clues
Tone and Mood
Authors Purpose
Random Choice

comparison using like or as

What is a simile?


Once there was a peddler who sold caps. But he was not like an ordinary peddler carrying his wares on his back. He carried them on top of his head. First he had on his own checked cap, then a bunch of gray caps, then a bunch of brown caps, then a bunch of blue caps, and on the very top a bunch of red caps. He walked up and down the streets, holding himself very straight so as not to upset his caps. As he went along he called,“Caps! Caps for sale! Fifty cents a cap!”

In the above passage, what does the word "upset" mean?

a. tip over

b. make someone sad or irritated

c. to stand straight up

d. to move fast

What is A: tip over?


He furtively glanced behind him in fear of his imagined pursuers, then hurriedly walked on, jumping at the slightest sound even of a leaf crackling under his own foot.

What is the mood of this sentence?

a. excited

b. apprehensive 

c. upset

d. assertive 

What is B: apprehensive?


A pamphlet urging people not to eat animals or use products made from animals or animal suffering because the author thinks that is cruel and unnecessary.

What is the author's purpose?

a. persuade 

b. inform 

c. entertain 

d. explain

What is A: to persuade?


Who is the third Migo?

Offset, Quavo and ?



the mood or feeling an author creates in a work through his word choice

What is tone?


I tried something that my mom made for dinner. It was so awful that before I realized what I was doing, I expectorated it. My mom was furious with me.

The word expectorated as used in the above sentence probably means:

a. threw up

b. spit out

c. swallowed

d. chewed it up

What is B: spit out?


Read the following passage:

The fear I felt was no rational fear, but a panic terror not only about the aliens, but of the dusk and stillness all about me. Such an extraordinary effect in unmanning me it had that I ran away weeping. Once I had turned, I did not dare to look back.

What kind of tone is conveyed in the excerpt?

a. worried

b. frustrated 

c. frightened 

d. distressing

What is C: frightened?


A story about a family trying to stick together and survive through the Great Depression in the Midwest in the 1930s.

What is the author's purpose?

a. entertain

b. inform 

c. explain

d. persuade

What is A: to entertain?



What is Ms. Gordons first name?


giving an inanimate object human characteristics

What is personification?


ou can tell how much compassion Gina has from the way she leaves food out for the stray cat each night.

Based on the context in the sentence, what does compassion mean?

a. freedom

b. knowledge

c. confidence

d. sympathy

What is D: sympathy?


Read the following passage from Tolstoy's "How Much Land Does a Man Need?"

Pakhom went on running, his soaking shirt and trousers stuck to him and his mouth parched. His breast was working like a blacksmith's bellows, his heart was beating like a hammer, and his legs were giving way as if they did not belong to him. Pakhom was seized with terror lest he should die of the strain.

What is the mood of this passage?

a. joyful

b. panicked

c. exhuberated

d. exasperated

What is B: panicked?


A poem about a “packrat,” a person who refuses to throw things away, even things that most people would consider garbage.

What is the author's purpose?

a. persuade

b. inform

c. entertain

d. explain

What is C: to entertain?

This person is on the dollar coin.



exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally

What is a hyperbole?


With all the bombilation of the students yelling, alarms ringing, and teachers crying, I could not hear the intercom tell us what we were supposed to be doing.

As used in the above passage, what does bombilation mean?

a. an explosion

b. large crowds

c. mass chaos

d. loud noises

What is D: loud noises?


Read the following passage:

Donovan whispered to Larry, “Look over there.” He pointed to a man sleeping on the highest, narrow bench of the bleachers. His pants and shirt were faded, worn, and too large for his thin frame. One big toe stuck out of a huge hole in his sock. His scraped-up shoes sat a few feet away. Larry whispered, “We should help him out. Let’s hide something good in his shoes. Then, when he wakes up, he will have a nice surprise.”

What mood is conveyed in this passage?

a. formal

b. exuberant

c. cautious 

d. compassionate

What is D: compassionate?


An article compares and contrasts American and Swedish health care systems.

What is the author's purpose?

a. entertain 

b. inform

c. explain

d. entertain

What is B: to inform?


The worlds fastest sea animal.

What is the killer whale?


fourteen line poem with a fixed rhyme scheme

What is a sonnet?


As teachers, our students reciprocate our attitudes so we need to be positive in the classroom. 

Based on the context in the sentence, what does reciprocate mean?

a. join a teacher in their understanding of the material 

b. answer in a way that is expected by the people around you

c. experience the same feelings for someone

d. respond to an action by making a corresponding one

What is D: to respond to an action by making a corresponding one?


Barren branches pierce the sky, chattering in the shivering breeze. The clouds hold captive rays of the gloomy sunshine. Blades of grass brown and tattered from frost’s sharp fingernails. Winter squeezes the last breath out of all that once thrived.

What kind of tone is conveyed by this excerpt?

a. joyful  

b. irritated 

c. hopeful

d. serious  

What is D: serious?


The Underground Railroad was a secret organization that helped slaves escape to freedom. Many slaves were able to escape because of the conductors and stationmasters. The northern states were free states and slaves were free once they arrived in the north. Secret codes and signals were used to identify the conductors and stationmasters.

What is the author's purpose in writing this?

a. entertain 

b. explain

c. persuade

d. inform

What is D: to inform?


The best female rapper alive.

Who is Nicki Minaj?

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