Virginia Courts Criminal Procedures U.S. Courts Civil or Criminal Judicial Vocab

100

What are circuit courts?
The only courts in Virginia that may have jury trials

100

What is arrest upon probable cause?
This is the first step in the procedures for criminal cases

100

What are U.S. District Courts
These are the lowest federal courts

100

What is civil
Someone rear-ended your car

100

What is verdict
The decision of a judge or jury

200

What is General District Court
This court has original jurisdiction over misdemeanors

200

What is a trial?
For criminal case procedures, what step directly follows an arraignment?

200

What is nine
The number of justices on the Supreme Court

200

What is civil
Doctor accidentally gave you the wrong prescription, sorry you ended up with IBS

200

Who is the plaintiff
The person who files a complaint

300

What is the VA Court of Appeals
This court has appellate jurisdiction to review decisions of the circuit court?

300

What is bail
After being arrested, an accused person may be temporarily released by paying this.

300

What is primarily appellate, limited original jurisdiction.
The jurisdiction of the U.S. Court of Appeals

300

What is criminal
Doctor intentionally gave you the wrong prescription

300

What is appellate jurisdiction
The power of a court to hear review a previously decided case

400

What is primarily appellate, with limited original jurisdiction
What is the jurisdiction of the VA Supreme Court?

400

Probable cause is reviewed, a lawyer may be appointed, and a plea is entered.
What happens during arraignment?

400

What are the U.S. District Courts
These federal court only have original jurisdiction

400

What is civil
You hired a personal injury lawyer

400

What is judicial review
The power of courts to determine whether executive actions or laws of Congress are constitutional or not

500

What is the circuit court
This court has original jurisdiction for felonies

500

What is appeal
If you're unhappy with a guilty verdict you may do this

500

What are the U.S. District Courts
These are the only federal courts that may have juries

500

What is criminal
You hired Johnny Cochran

500

What is jurisdiction
The official power and authority to make legally binding decisions and judgments

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