Blast From the Past
Great 8 Supreme Court Cases
Civil Court
Criminal Court
Vocabulary Recap

100

Why did Congress pass the Civil Rights legislation?
What is to promote equality

100

A city refuses to allow a suspect to speak to a lawyer. The right to obtain a lawyer before answering police questions was protected by what Supreme Court case?
What is Miranda v Arizona

100

Term for the person filing a complaint in civil court.
What is plaintiff

100

This person represents the government in a criminal case.
What is the prosecution

100

What is the name for courts that gain their power from the Constitution and federal laws.
What is Federal Courts

200

U.S. president nominates a Supreme Court judge. The Senate must approve their nomination or the process begins again. This demonstrates what principle of government.
What is checks and balances

200

In a case, the Supreme Court ruled that drug tests on students participating in athletics did not violate the 4th amendment. This expanded on what Supreme Court case?
What is New Jersey vs. TLO

200

List three types of cases heard in civil court.
What is tort, contract, property law, and family law

200

When a celebrity is accused of doing something wrong, the newspapers covered the event. The celebrities lawyers argued that the publicity made the jury biased. Which right is in conflict with freedom of the press?
What is right to a fair trial

200

A jury that determines whether there is enough evidence for a person to be indicted.
What is grand jury

300

Name the term for the executive branch on the state level.
What is Governor

300

The 6th amendment allows the accused the "assistance of counsel". Which of these Supreme Court cases dealt with this right?
What is Gideon vs. Wainwright

300

Term for when a defendant makes a one time payment to avoid a trial.
What is out of court settlement

300

List 3 types of cases that are heard in federal court.
What are copyright violation, crimes committed in multiple states by the same person, bankruptcy, violation of the Constitution, involving a high ranking official.

300

Term for when a defendant admits guilt to a lesser charge to avoid a harsher punishment.
What is plea bargaining.

400

What is the term for the legislative branch on the local level.
What is County Council

400

This case established the doctrine of "separate but equal".
What is Plessy v. Ferguson

400

Define tort.
What is any wrongful act other than a broken contract for which a person may sue

400

Someone is charged with first degree murder in MD. Which court would hear their case first?
What is Circuit Court

400

What is being violated when a state refuses to allow a defendant to have a lawyer?
What is Due Process

500

Which agency works for the department of justice?
What is the FBI

500

This Supreme Court case interpreted the "necessary and proper" clause.
What is McCulloch vs. Maryland

500

When two parties agree to allow an unbiased third party to make a decision so that they may avoid a court case.
What is Arbitration

500

What is the highest court in the state of Maryland?
What is Maryland Court of Appeals

500

What is the purpose of an indictment?
What is to formally charge a person with a crime.