Early Explorers in the Americas Colonization Global Issues Miscellaneous

100

Who is Marco Polo?
The earliest recorded European explorer to travel through Asia

100

What is New Netherlands?
Name for the Dutch colony in the Americas

100

Who is John Rolfe?
Introduced tobacco to the Jamestown colony

100

Who is Ferdinand Magellan?
His crew was the first to circumnavigate the earth

100

What is God, Glory, and Gold?
Three reasons for European exploration

200

Who is Prince Henry the Navigator?
Led a school of Portuguese sailors exploring the coast of Africa

200

Who is John Cabot?
Explored the New England coastline for England

200

Who is Samuel de Champlain?
French explorer who was instrumental in developing the colony of New France

200

What is the Middle Passage?
Term for the slave journey from Africa to the Americas

200

What is the caravel?
New form of ship that carried heavier cargo and sailed longer distances

300

Who is Bartholmew Dias?
Portuguese explorer who rounded the southern tip of Africa

300

Who is Queen Isabella?
Queen of Spain who financed Christopher Columbus

300

What is mercantilism?
Economic term for a mother country using resources from colonies to stockpile gold and silver

300

What is the coastal islands of Brazil and the Caribbean
Two locations for sugarcane plantations in the Americas

300

What is the astrolabe?
Navigation instrument used to determine latitude based upon the position of the sun on the horizon

400

Who is Vasco de Gama?
Portuguese explorer who became the first to sail for India and return with spices

400

What is the Treaty of Tordesillas?
Treaty that divided the Atlantic world between Spain and Portugal

400

Who is Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams?
Two leaders who were instrumental in the founding of the colony of Rhode Island

400

Who is Zheng He?
Chinese explorer who made seven voyages in the 1400s

400

What is the Virginia House of Burgesses?
First representative government in the North American colonies

500

What is Melaka?
Portuguese port for the spice trade on the Malay Peninsula

500

Who is Lord Baltimore (George Calvert)?
Both names for the founder of the colony of Maryland as a haven for Catholics

500

Who is Thomas Hooker?
Founder of the colony of Connecticut

500

What is Java?
Island under the control of the Dutch as they took over the spice trade in southeast Asia

500

What is the Moluccas?
Another name for the Spice Islands

European Explorers

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