Evolution
Darwin
Types of Evolution
Early Earth
Taxonomy and such

100

Changes in a organisms over time is called
Evolution

100

Darwin predominantly studied this organism in the Galapagos Islands
What are finches

100

Type of Evolution where organisms are not related but have similar traits because they live in similar environments?
Convergent Evolution

100

What is the Endosymbiotic Theory
Theory to explain how the first Eukaryotes came to be.  One big prokaryote ate a smaller prokaryote (this became the first organelle)

100

What makes up the scientific name?
Genus and species.

200

Birds and bats do not have a common ancestor but have similar body shapes necessary for powered flight.   What type of evolution does this relationship represent?
Convergent Evolution

200

What did Darwin conclude about these finches?    What type of Evolution is this?
That they came from a common ancestor.  

DIvergent Evolution/Adaptive Radiation

200

What fact implies that humans and fish have a common ancestor?
Gill slits during embryological development

200

What was the significance of the Miller-Urey Experiment?
Helped to prove that life could come from organic compounds that were present in Early earth's atmosphere at one point.  These compounds under the right situation could form amino acids and adenine.  

200

How did Pasteur improve upon Spallanzzi's experiment?  What adjustments did he make?


Pasteur adjusted the experiment by having a curved flask to allow the "vital force " in.  This force was once believed to perpetuate life.  

300

Structures that have a similar function, different origin
Analogous Structures

300

Darwin Theory of Natural Selection relied on 4 things.  What were they?
Overproduction

Genetic variation

Struggle to Survive

Differential Reproduction

300

The Eukaryotic organelle that is thought to have evolved from aerobic prokaryotes is the 
mitochondria

300

How did the dinosaurs become extinct?
A meteor crashed into the earth, the debris and dust blocked sunlight, thus cooling down earth and killing the plants, then animals

300

This principle states that the layers of sedimentary rocks that are the “lowest” are the earliest to be deposited.

Law of Superposition

400

In regards to the peppered moth scenario.  THere were 2 types of moths, light colored and dark colored.  Prior to the Industrial Revolution which moth had the better adaptation and why?

After the Industrial Revolution, who then had the better adaptation and why

Prior to the Industrial Revolution, the light colored moths had the better adaptations since they blended in with the light colored bark of the trees--so the dark-colored were eaten by predators.  

After the industrial revolution, soot covered the trees, so now the dark colored moths had the better adaptation.   The light colored moths were not easily seen and therefore eaten. 

400

In terms of "Survival of the Fittest", what does it mean to be "Fit"
Reproductive Success...Fit enough to survive and reproduce.  

400

The pattern of evolution that is usually a response to different habitats is 
Divergent evolution

400

After cyanobacteria, started to produce oxygen, this produced the ozone, what was the significance of this?
Ozone allowed for organisms to move from the water to land, now they had protection from the sun.  

400

List the 3 Domain and 6 Kingdoms
Domains:   Bacteria, Archae, Eukarya

Kingdoms:   Animal, Plant, Fungus, Archaebacteria, Protista, Eubacteria

500

The climate of a certain area is cold, and snow is found on the ground most of the year. Equal numbers of two populations of rabbits are introduced into this climate by a group of scientists. One of the populations is brown and the other is white. Over several generations, this will happen.

here will be more white rabbits than brown rabbits

500

What do scientists use to confirm that organisms are related?  (6)
Structural similarities

Breeding Behavior

Geographical Distribution

Chromosomal Comparisons

Biochemistry

Embryology

500

Intestinal Bacteria and humans have gone through this type of evolution
Coevolution

500

Early Earth's atmosphere consisted of what gases
Water vapor, Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen, Methane, Ammonia

500

List the levels of Taxonomy from most General to most specific
Domain-Kingdom-Phylum-Class-Order-Family-Genus-Species