Vocabulary
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Charles Darwin
Natural Selection versus Selective Breeding
Adaptations
Evolution
Evolution Continues
Fossils

100

The process by which populations accumulate inherited changes over time.

What is EVOLUTION?

100

A historical sequence of life indicated by fossils found in layers of the Earth's crust.

What is a FOSSIL RECORD?

100

The islands that Charles Darwin visited while taking a journey on the HMS Beagle.

What are the GALAPAGOS ISLANDS?

100

Humans' influence to determine what will reproduce to achieve desirable traits.

What is SELECTIVE BREEDING?

100

DNA mutations that allow the organism to survive its environment and reproduce.

What is ADAPTATION?

100

The process by which populations accumulate inherited changes over time.

What is EVOLUTION?

100

The reason scientists think that humans have the same ancestor as other breeds of primates.

What is SIMILAR BONE STRUCTURE?

100

Trace or imprints of organisms that were preserved in rocks.

What are FOSSILS?

200

A hereditary characteristic that helps an organism survive and reproduce in its environment.

What is ADAPTATION?

200

Distinguishing qualities that can be passed from one generation to another.

What is a TRAIT?

200

The organism that caused Darwin to consider the theory of evolution.

What are FINCHES?

200

Natural method of ensuring the stronger species survive and reproduce.

What is NATURAL SELECTION?

200

The genetic mutation that helped animals survive in the cold climate.

What is FUR AND LAYER OF FAT?

200

The process 

200

The main reason why evolution is considered a theory.

What are GAPS IN THE FOSSIL RECORDS?

200

The method of ordering fossils to estimate their age.

What is RELATIVE DATING?

300

Breeding of organisms that have a certain desired trait.

What is SELECTIVE BREEDING?

300

The most specific of the seven levels of classification; characterized by a group of organisms that can mate with one another to produce fertile offspring.

What is SPECIES?

300

The process Darwin observed farmers doing to create crops and livestock with the desired traits.

What is SELECTIVE BREEDING?

300

The method farmers take to ensure they have the plants and animals that produce the best tasting food.

What is SELECTIVE BREEDING?

300

The method that many species of birds take to escape the cold climates of certain locations.

What is MIGRATION?

300

The reason that animals that are similar are considered different species.

What is the INABILITY TO REPRODUCE MAKING FERTILE OFFSPRING?

300

The main reason that scientists believe that whales evolved from a type of canine.

What are REMNANTS OF HIND-LIMB BONES?

300

The method of measuring the ratio of unstable atoms to stable atoms to determine a fossils age.

What is ABSOLUTE DATING?

400

The process by which organisms with favorable traits survive and reproduce at a higher rate than organisms without the favorable trait.

What is NATURAL SELECTION?

400

A change in the order of the bases in an organism's DNA; deletion, insertion, or substitution.

What is MUTATION?

400

The cause of the variations Darwin observed within a species.

What is MUTATION?

400

The adaptation that helps an organism survive in its environment.

What is NATURAL SELECTION?

400

The long months of deep sleep to conserve energy while the environment is cold and food is scarce.

What is HIBERNATION?

400

The two reasons that different colored peppered moths survived at different times.

What are the INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION AND CLEAN AIR ACT?

400

The period between the birth of one generation and the birth of the next generation.

What is GENERATION TIME?

400

The calendar scientists use to outline the history of life on Earth.

What is the GEOLOGIC TIME SCALE?

500

The process by which two populations of the same species become so different that they can no longer interbreed.

What is SPECIATION?

500

The division of Earth's 4.6-billion-year history into distinct intervals of time.

What is GEOLOGICAL TIME SCALE?

500

Overproduction, genetic variation, struggle to survive, and successful reproduction.

What is DARWIN'S THEORY OF EVOLUTION BY NATURAL SELECTION?

500

The reason why we have several breeds of dogs.

What is SELECTIVE BREEDING?

500

A plant's method of protecting itself from predators.

What are THORNS?

500

The process of creating new species which may occur due to separation, adaptation, and division.

What is SPECIATION?

500

The era that flowering plants first started to appear.

What is the MESOZOIC ERA?

500

The name of the of the continents when they were one giant landmass.

What is PANGAEA?