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100

Cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular endurance and strength, flexibility, and body composition.
Identify the four components of fitness.

100

Your goals and personal health needs.
On what factors should you base your personal exercise program?

100

Riding a bike, walking, dancing, hiking, swimming, ect.
List some recreational activities that are good forms of exercise.

100

It is a 24-hour cycle of behavioral patterns that most animals demonstrate.
What is circadian rhythm?

200

Your blood pressure and heart rate increases; you use energy from chemical reactions; and your body uses more oxygen.
What changes occur in your body when you engage in vigorous exercise?

200

You don't want your target heart rate to be your maximum heart rate, but it determines how hard you are going to work out.
Explain how your target heart rate affects the level of intensity of the exercise you perform to improve your cardiorespiratory endurance.

200

Less stressful than many other work out activities, less likely to result in injury, can be easily adjusted to fit the walker's needs.
Why is walking such a good way to exercise?

200

Sleep is your body relaxing and regaining energy. There is NREM, or nonrapid eye movement sleep, and REM, rapid eye movement, sleep. There are four stages in NREM sleep.
Describe what happens to your body as you sleep. Include the kinds of sleep and the stages involved.

300

Physical: increases muscle strength and endurance, increases efficiency of heart and lungs, increases physical stamina, increases bone strength, increases flexibility, increases resistance to muscle and bone injury, improves posture and appearance, reduces blood pressure, reduces risk of cardiovascular disease, helps reduce excess body fat, helps to control appetite, aids digestion and helps prevent constipation, increases resistance to disease
List five physical benefits of regular exercise.

300

Warming up, not overworking yourself, cooling down, ect.
List two ways to reduce your risk of injury when you exercise.

300

Eating better, walking or biking instead of taking a car, ect.
In what ways can you increase your fitness without having a scheduled exercise program?

300

Insomnia is difficulty in falling asleep or staying asleep. Sleep apnea is a disorder in which breathing stops for short periods of time during sleep and then resumes suddenly. People who fall asleep suddenly without warning for a short time may suffer from narcolepsy.
List and describe three sleep disorders.

400

Aerobic is nonstop, repetitive, strenuous physical activity that raises the breathing and heart rates. Anaerobic is is intense physical activity that lasts only from a few seconds to a few minutes, during which muscles use up more oxygen than the blood can supply.
How does aerobic exercise differ from anaerobic exercise?

400

It normally becomes stronger, healthier, and better overall.
As fitness improves, how does a person's resting heart rate usually change?

400

Elderly people have muscles that are not as strong as they were and bones that break easier. Other health problems may also be present that stops them from working out very hard.
Why is moderation an important consideration when elderly people exercise?

400

Being pleasantly tired, getting enough sleep for your age and health, being comfortable when sleeping (and without distractions), ect.
When are some things you can do to help yourself get a good night's sleep?

Exercise, Rest, and Recreation

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