Cause and Effect
Comparison and Contrast
Description
Problem and Solution
Sequence

### 100

Why something happened and what happened.
What is cause and effect?

### 100

How two things or more are alike and/or how they are different.
What is compare and contrast?

### 100

A topic, idea, person, place, or thing is shown by listing its features, characteristics, or examples.
What is description?

### 100

Tells about an issue and then gives one or more possible outcomes.
What is problem and solution?

### 100

Provides details or tells the steps to follow to do something or make something.

What is sequence?

### 200

Write two signal words/phrases that writers use to let a reader know they are using cause and effect.

What is: so, because, since, therefore, if...then, this led to, reason why, as a result, may be due to, effect of, consequently, for this reason

### 200

Write two signal words/phrases that writers use to let a reader know they are using compare and contrast.

What is: same as, similar, alike, as well as, not only...but also, both, instead of, either...or, on the other hand, different from, as opposed to

### 200

Write two signal words/phrases that writers use to let a reader know they are using description.

What is: for instance, such as..., to begin with, an example, to illustrate, this shows

### 200

Write two signal words/phrases that writers use to let a reader know they are using problem and solution.

What is: question is..., dilemma is..., the puzzle is..., to solve this..., one answer is..., one reason for the problem is..., might consider...

### 200

Write two signal words/phrases that writers use to let a reader know they are using sequence.

What is: first, second, next, then, before, after, finally, following, not long after, now, soon

### 300

Identify the signal words in the following:

"They are called crocodile birds because they are always hopping around crocodiles. The big crocodiles and the birds are useful to each other for several reasons."

What is because and for several reasons?

### 300

Identify the signal words in the following:

"Alligators and crocodiles, along with their relatives the caimans and the gavials, are very much alike. There are some differences, however."

What is along with, alike, and differences?

### 300

Identify the signal words in the following:

"All crocodilians are reptiles with long snouts, long tails, four short legs, and sharp teeth. Members of the crocodilian family include alligators, crocodiles, caimans, and gavials."

What is all...are, and members of...,

### 300

Identify the signal words in the following:

"In most parts of the world there are not as many crocodiles as there used to be. This is a problem because crocodiles are becoming endangered and also crocodiles are necessary to balance nature."

What is problem?

### 300

Identify the signal words in the following:

"Recently, scientists have gained an understanding of a crocodile's reproductive activity. Prior to mating, there are stylized postures and snout contact. After mating, hard-shelled eggs are laid in a nest."

What is recently, prior to, and after?

### 400

Use cause and effect signal words to describe this picture in 2-3 sentences.

### 400

Use comparison and contrast signal words to describe this picture in 2-3 sentences.

### 400

Use description signal words to describe this picture in 2-3 sentences.

### 400

Use problem and solution signal words to describe this picture in 2-3 sentences.

### 400

Use sequence signal words to describe this picture in 2-3 sentences.

### 500

Create a topic sentence and then show cause and effect.

What do you do with the mad that you feel when the you feel so mad you could bite? When the whole wide world seems oh, so wrong...and nothing you do seems very right?

### 500

Create a topic sentence and then compare and contrast.

### 500

Create a topic sentence and then describe.

### 500

Create a topic sentence and show problem and solution.

### 500

Create a topic sentence and show sequence.