Preparation for Discovery Process of Discovery Commercial Revolution Famous Names and Places Potpourri

100

Who is Marco Polo
This man's account of his travels awakened European curiosity in the Orient.

100

What is the Pacific Ocean?
After crossing the Isthmus of Panama, Balboa saw this body of water which was given its present name by Magellan.

100

What is the Commercial Revolution?
This is what the changes in Europe's business thinking and practice during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries are called.

100

Who is Prester John?
This mythical African ruler was supposedly a wealthy and powerful Christian who wanted to help the Europeans fight the Muslims. However, despite numerous search expiditions, he was not to be found.

100

What are Primary sources?
Records that are produced during the time period being studied, often produced by the people involved in the events being studied.

200

What are maps, a compass, and navigational instruments.
These three things were very important to early explorers.

200

What is France?
This is the country for which explorers Jaques Cartier and Samuel de Champlain sailed and claimed territory. DAILY DOUBLE

200

What is mercantilism?
This was the dominant economic policy of most European nations during the Age of Exploration.

200

Who is Prince Henry "The Navigator?"
Although he never went on an expidition, he was largely responsible for Portugal's early success in exploration and set up a school of navigation on the coast of Portugal and has been called "the greatest figure in the history of exploration."

200

Who is Aristotle?
This teacher of Alexander the Great instilled in his young pupil a love for Greek culture.

300

What is the caravel
This light, fast vessel was popular with the early explorers of the late fifteenth century.

300

Who are the Maya, Aztec, and Inca?
These were the three major native Indian cultures of Central and South America.

300

What is capitalism?
The use of wealth to make more wealth defines this economic policy. DAILY DOUBLE

300

Who is Vasco da Gama?
This Portuguese explorer became the first European to reach India by sailing around Africa, giving Portugal control of the water-route to India and breaking the Muslim trade monopoly in the Indian Ocean. DAILY DOUBLE

300

What is the Senate?
This was the most powerful body within the governmental structure of the Republic of Rome

400

What are oar-powered ships?
These early ships were used to cross the Mediterranean Sea, but were not practical for crossing the ocean because they would require such a large crew and would not be able to carry enough supplies to feed the crew. DAILY DOUBLE

400

What is India
This Oriental possession was gained by England during the Age of Exploration.

400

What are colonies?
Their purpose was to supply the mother country with raw materials and provide markets where goods from the mother country could be sold.

400

Who is Ferdinand Magellan?
This Spanish explorer led a three-year-long voyage to circumnavigate the earth. Although he was killed during the journey, his remaining crew continued and completed the journey which has been called "the greatest single human achievement on sea."

400

Who is Kublai Khan?
This Mongal ruler conquered China.

500

What is the search for new trade routes, quest for gold, desire for adventure and glory, religious concerns, and competition among European nations?
These are the five main ramotives that prompted European explorers to "seek out and discover" new lands.

500

Who are the Northeastern Indians; the Southeastern Indians, known as the "mound builders"'; the Plains Indians; the Southwest Indians, often called the "cliff dwellers"; and the Indians of the West Coast?
These five major regions in North America were where groups of Indian tribes lived.

500

What are the English East India Company, the Dutch East India Company, and the French company of New France?
These three joint-stock companies were especially important during the Age of Exploration, using the invested money of their stockholders to set up trade settlements to make their work more permanent.

500

Who is Pope Alexander VI and what is the Line of Demarcation?
2 Parts: He settled the trade disputes between Spain and Portugal by dividing the world between the two countries. This is the name of the dividing line.

500

What are apprentice, journeyman, and master?
In Medieval Europe, these were the three classes of members of craft guilds.

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