Story Elements
Reading Skills
Surprise
100

a person or thing that has actions, words, and/or feelings in a story

character

100

proof from the text that supports an idea or inference

evidence

100

a genre of books that include made up stories

fiction

200

where and when a story takes place

setting

200

a brief statement of the most important parts of the story written in your own words

summary

200

a part of a character’s personality that tells what kind of person he or she is

trait

300

the main message or life lesson that a story teaches

theme

300

an idea you have about a story that is not said in the text, but that you can conclude using evidence from the text

inference

300

the words that characters say to each other in the story

dialogue

400

the sequence of events that happen across the story. It is often shown on a story arc.

plot

400

the reason why the author wrote something, such as to entertain, persuade, or inform the reader

purpose

400

what the character wants in the story

motivation

500

the turning point or “big moment” in the story

climax

500

a technique the author used to achieve a certain goal, such as helping the reader create a mental picture or getting them hooked on the topic

craft

500

the reason why the character can't get what he or she wants in the story

struggles/obstacles/problem

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