Unit 1: We The People
Unit 2: Vote!
Units 3-4: The Constitution and Bill of Rights
Unit 5: Choices in Little Rock
Unit 6: The American Legal System

100

What is the difference between a right, responsibility and a duty of citizens? Give one example of each
A right is a freedom that citizens have (Free speech, fair trial) A responsibility is something that a citizen should do. (Volunteering, voting) A duty is something a citizen must do, or be punished. (Paying taxes, jury duty)

100

Draw and label the political spectrum.
Radical - Liberal - Moderate - Conservative - Reactionary

100

List the 4 forms of government, and who rules in each.
Monarchy-one leader inherits power Dictatorship-one leader takes power by force Direct Democracy-All citizens vote Representative Democracy-We elect leaders to decide for us

100

Is race a social construction, or a biological fact?
Social Construction—created by people to divide up and discriminate against groups

100

What is the difference between criminal and civil law?
Criminal law-keeps society safe Civil law-settles disagreements

200

What are three reasons why people immigrate?
Greater freedom, better educational and job opportunities, more rights, safety

200

What are two differences between Democrats and Republicans?
Democrats-end the war, raise taxes on the wealthy, universal healthcare Republicans-strong defense, cut taxes for all, reduce social programs

200

What are the 3 parts of the Constitution? What does each part contain?
Preamble-intro to the Constitution Articles-provide the framework for government Amendments-give rights to citizens

200

What is the difference between de facto and de jure segregation?
De facto-separation of races by choice, by money, by location De jure-separation of races because the law says you have to

200

What are the rights of the accused when they get arrested?
Right to remain silent Right to an attorney Right to due process (fair trial)

300

What is the difference between a naturalized and a natural-born citizen?
Naturalized-moved to the US legally, lived here 5 years with a green card, passed the test Natural-born—born in the US, or born to parents who are US citizens

300

What is the Electoral College? How many electoral votes does a candidate need to become President
The Electoral College is the way we elect the president—each state has a certain number of electoral votes, and whichever candidate wins the popular vote in that state gets all the electoral votes. 270 to win.

300

What are the 3 branches of government, their jobs, and their heads?
Executive-enforces laws-President Legislative-makes laws-Congress Judicial-interprets laws-Supreme Court

300

What amendment to the Constitution was violated by segregation?
The 14th Amendment

300

What is the difference between a felony and a misdemeanor?
Misdemeanor—minor crime, punishment involves a year or less of jail time, probation, or community service Felony—major crime, punishment involves more than a year of jail

400

What is the difference between saying America is a melting pot, and saying it is a mosaic?
Melting Pot—all cultures blend together into one Mosaic—each culture retains its individuality and uniqueness

400

A _________ is a candidate’s statement of beliefs on the issues.
Political Platform

400

What are the 3 systems for limiting the power of government?
Checks and balances, separation of powers, federalism

400

Which court case came first—Plessy v. Ferguson, or Brown v. Board?
Plessy v. Ferguson

400

Why was a separate juvenile justice system created?
Because people believed that young people shouldn’t be punished in the same way as adults, instead they should be rehabilitated.

500

What are the four roles of government? Give one example of each.
Keeping the Peace - our laws and courts Protecting the Country - our military Providing Necessary Services - schools, roads, MBTA Maintaining Other Institutions - emergency services like FEMA

500

Which group on the political spectrum agrees with some beliefs of the left, and some of the right?
Moderates

500

What rights are granted to citizens by the 1st, 4th, 8th, and 19th, and 26th amendments?
1st-RAPPS 4th-no unreasonable searches or seizures 8th-no cruel or unusual punishment 19th-women can vote 26th-18 year olds can vote

500

What amendments did Faubus and Eisenhower use to argue that they should have the power to decide what happened in Little Rock?
Faubus-10th (Federalism) Eisenhower-14th (Equal protection under the law)

500

Why does our criminal justice process have so many steps?
To ensure that accused people are treated fairly, and to make sure that there is enough evidence to try the case.