Natural Selection
Evidence for Evolution
DNA
Ecology & Conservation
Wild Card!

100

Who wrote Origin of Species- a book that changed Biology and the world in the 1850's? AND Name one other biologist that assisted in building evolutionary theory.
Who is Charles Darwin AND Cuvier, Linneaus, Erasmus Darwin

100

This form of evidence looks at ancient artifacts of once living organisms retained in layers of the earth. These artifacts may help us know how previous species lived and where they were present, etc.
What is fossil evidence?

100

The reason why DNA be unzipped prior to Replication
What is so that it can be read on both the leading and lagging strands for accurate copying?

100

The definition of ecosystem.
What is the interconnected processes among biotic and abiotic aspects of a physical area.

100

give an example of a hypothesis.
interpreted by instructor- may use if, then statement. Must talk about something to that can be tested or measured.

200

Selection toward the mean- example ; human birth weight.
What is Stabilizing selection?

200

Form of evidence that relies on molecular biology and has confirmed many previous hypotheses about evolutionary relationships among living things, even with humans and our prior ancestors!
What is DNA evidence/Genetics?

200

Ribonucleic acid ____________ DNA so that it can be read properly in order to make proteins.
What is transcribes?

200

Describe predators vs prey. Can prey species also be predators? Why or why not?
What is predator- an animal that kills and eats another. Prey are animals eaten by other animals. Yes, predators can be prey species also.

200

Somatic cells are produced by what process? _____ Sex cells? " " " ___________
What is Mitosis and Meiosis (second)

300

Selection towards one extreme or the other within a population, may change over time. Example: very light and dark phenotypes in a species of moth.
What is Directional Selection?

300

Examining the existence and origins of species across areas. May shed light on evolutionary relationships.
What is biogeography?

300

___________ (organelle) interpret or _____________ RNA and makes proteins by generating one amino acid for every 3 RNA codes.
What is ribosomes, translate

300

Mushrooms and bacteria fall under this category of Detritivores.
What are decomposers?

300

Explain the compromise of skin color and Vit D absorption/protection from UV rays that has evolved with human skin color.
What is that with higher melanin production, you have greater UV protection, but have a harder time synthesizing Vit D from sunlight. Lighter skin tones have less protection from UV light but synthesize Vit D more easily from the sun (require less exposure)

400

When two extremes of phenotypes are selected for equally; example; blue and brown lazuli buntings (birds)
What is Diversifying Selection?

400

Examining anatomical similarities - homologies and anologies
What is comparative anatomy?

400

Explain the Central Dogma of Molecular Bio.
What is - that DNA must be replicated , transcribed, and then translated before it can generate proteins. This is the basis for all genetic traits- this process. This is called the Central Dogma because it is true for ALL living things.

400

DAILY DOUBLE!!! ;) Conservation brings in different subfields of biology including _________ and _________. (both start with e) It is an evidence-based field of biology, NOT a feel-good philosophy.
What is ecology and evolutionary bio

400

What are the inputs and outputs of Cellular Respiration?
What is O2 and glucose, and CO2, ATP, water.

500

DAILY DOUBLE ;) Explain male-male competition and give a species example OR Explain a female dominant scenario and how she may base her "choosiness"
What is competition for female access , competition among males increase in both ornamental/exaggerated phenotypes in males vs females and also behavioral adaptations to compete for females. In female dominant groups, females may look for different traits for males- ability to acquire resources (food, territory) , ability to serve the group (protection, offspring rearing)

500

Daily DOuBLE!!!! ;) Discuss one major misconception about evolution regarding humans AND correct it.
instructor will interpret. May be origin of humans and apes? When we moved out of Africa, etc.

500

DAILY DOUBLE!! A sequence of nucleotide bases are not translated correctly and cause a mutation in a gene that causes hemoglobin to not be made correctly. (hemoglobin is a protein) What PHYSIOLOGICAL effects may happen and how would that impact a person for instance?
What is that hemoglobin would not be able to carry O2 or iron effectively. This would cause someone to potentially get iron anemia, feel tired often because of a lower O2 saturation in the blood, lower Cellular resp potential due to low O2. Etc..

500

Explain how global warming is defined AND one consequence of it for humans and other species.
What is - increase in mean temps globally over long ranges of time. Supported by countless data... Increasing warm seasons leading to higher vector borne (insects and other species) diseases Climate becoming more severe Melting of polar ice caps Many others

500

What is the % frequency of a green eye phenotype in a parrot species (G) with two parental genotypes of Gg and gg?
What is 50%?