Definitions Acid/ Base Lab values Electrolytes Hodge Podge

100

What is osmolarity?
The concentration of particles in a solution or its pulling power is called this

100

What is metabolic alkalosis?
pH 7.50, PCO2 40 PO2 85, HCO3 30

100

What is 135-145 meq/L?
Sodium

100

What is potassium?
Major intracellular cations

100

What is buffer system?
This system reacts within a fraction to changes in pH

200

What is hypovolemia?
The loss of water and electrolytes from ECF is called this.

200

What is respiratory acidosis?
ph 7.32 PC02 50, O2 saturation 90%

200

What is 3.5 - 5.0 meq/L?
Potassium

200

What is calcium?
This is deposited in bone and plays a role in parathyroid hormone regulation

200

What is the kidneys/renal system?
Acids are excreted by this system.

300

What is infiltration?
Fluid leaking into the tissue, skin is cool and pale at site.

300

What is respiratory alkalosis?
ph 7.58, PCO2 20, HCO3 24, PO2 55

300

What is 8.2-10.7mg/dl?
Calcium

300

What is magnesium?
This electrolyte helps with the metabolism of CHO and protein as well as helps with cardiac function and muscle relaxation

300

What is pH?
To determine acidosis or alkalosis, one would check this first.

400

What is ADH, Aldosterone and Renin
These hormones regulate fluid balance

400

What is metabolic acidosis?
pH 7.20, PCO2 40, PO2 55, HCO3 18

400

What is 1.5-2.5 meq/dl?
Magnesium

400

What is sodium?
Maintains blood volume, fluid balance, and major electrolyte in ECF

400

What is hypocalcemia?
A positive Chvostek's sign indicates this abnormality.

500

What is weight?
This is the best indicator for fluid balance

500

What is respiratory acidosis?
A patient with COPD is suspectible developing C02 retention which in turn cause this.

500

What is normal pH?
7.35-7.45

500

What is hypervolemia?
Sudden weight gain, tachycarcdia, distended jugular vein, edema, and crackles are signs of this.

500

What is phlebitis?
This red streak follows the vein and the skin is hot and inflammed.

Fluid and Electrolytes

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