Definitions
Acid/ Base
Lab values
Electrolytes
Hodge Podge

100

The concentration of particles in a solution or its pulling power is called this
What is osmolarity?

100

pH 7.50, PCO2 40 PO2 85, HCO3 30
What is metabolic alkalosis?

100

Sodium
What is 135-145 meq/L?

100

Major intracellular cations
What is potassium?

100

This system reacts within a fraction to changes in pH
What is buffer system?

200

The loss of water and electrolytes from ECF is called this.
What is hypovolemia?

200

ph 7.32 PC02 50, O2 saturation 90%
What is respiratory acidosis?

200

Potassium
What is 3.5 - 5.0 meq/L?

200

This is deposited in bone and plays a role in parathyroid hormone regulation
What is calcium?

200

Acids are excreted by this system.
What is the kidneys/renal system?

300

Fluid leaking into the tissue, skin is cool and pale at site.
What is infiltration?

300

ph 7.58, PCO2 20, HCO3 24, PO2 55
What is respiratory alkalosis?

300

Calcium
What is 8.2-10.7mg/dl?

300

This electrolyte helps with the metabolism of CHO and protein as well as helps with cardiac function and muscle relaxation
What is magnesium?

300

To determine acidosis or alkalosis, one would check this first.
What is pH?

400

These hormones regulate fluid balance
What is ADH, Aldosterone and Renin

400

pH 7.20, PCO2 40, PO2 55, HCO3 18
What is metabolic acidosis?

400

Magnesium
What is 1.5-2.5 meq/dl?

400

Maintains blood volume, fluid balance, and major electrolyte in ECF
What is sodium?

400

A positive Chvostek's sign indicates this abnormality.
What is hypocalcemia?

500

This is the best indicator for fluid balance
What is weight?

500

A patient with COPD is suspectible developing C02 retention which in turn cause this.
What is respiratory acidosis?

500

7.35-7.45
What is normal pH?

500

Sudden weight gain, tachycarcdia, distended jugular vein, edema, and crackles are signs of this.
What is hypervolemia?

500

This red streak follows the vein and the skin is hot and inflammed.
What is phlebitis?