Grains
Nuts
Seeds
Legumes
Miscellaneous
100
The part of the grain that will grow into another grain plant.
What is the germ?
100
The process used to release essential oils (and therefore, a deeper, more concentrated flavour) from seeds, nuts, and grains.
What is the process of toasting?
100
If buying seeds in their shells look for firm shells with no _____________.
What are cracks?
100
Each year, the average American consumes over six pounds of this legume and its products.
What are peanuts?
100
Arachibutyrophobia is the fear of getting this stuck to the roof of your mouth.
What is peanut butter?
200
This is the multi-layered covering which protects the grain from sunlight, pests, water and disease. It is rich in dietary fibre and contains B vitamins, iron, zinc, copper and phytonutrients such as lignans and phytic acid.
What is bran?
200
Nuts are high in this nutrient needed by the human body for growth and maintenance - especially in muscle.
What is protein?
200
Seeds are a good source of protein. They also contain _______, a substance used in the body for carrying oxygen to cells.
What is iron?
200
Combine beans or lentils with grains like barley, oats, and rice, and complete __________ are formed, making them a good source of this vital nutrient for people who should avoid meat or choose not to eat it.
What are proteins?
200
It gives elasticity to dough, helping it to rise and to keep its shape, and often giving the final product a chewy texture. It is a protein found in the endosperm of wheat.
What is gluten?
300
The starchy component of grain that provides nutrients for the germ. It is the part that is used to make flour.
What is endosperm?
300
Unless this is added to nuts, it does not naturally occur.
What is salt?
300
List any 3 benefits/beneficial substances in seeds
What are protein, unsaturated fat, vitamins, carbohydrates, fibre and also minerals?
300
This globally popular legume is used in many dishes, such as tofu, or eaten whole - fyi: the Japanese name is edamame.
What are soybeans?
300
Nuts have a very high content of unsaturated fatty acids and the oxygen in the air easily attack and oxidize these chemicals and the nuts can become __________.
What is rancid?
400
List 4 of Canada’s 6 major grain crops:
What are wheat, corn, barley, canola, soybeans and flaxseed?
400
These are grown on trees resembling peach trees - this nut and shell is found in a fruit that resembles a peach.
What is an almond?
400
Another name for pepitas
What are pumpkin seeds?
400
Beans provide substantial amounts of this, which can help prevent constipation:
What is insoluble fiber?
400
Unlike most other __________, lentils don't need to be soaked before cooking.
What are beans?
500
These two words refer to the fact that all of the grain (bran, germ, and endosperm) is used and nothing is lost in the process of making the flour.
What is "whole grain"?
500
The process of removing the fine skin from the nutmeat - by steaming or boiling.
What is blanching?
500
These seeds can be made into a paste called tahini (used in various recipes - including hummus).
What are sesame seeds?
500
Any 3 of the most common members of the legume family:
What are alfalfa, clover, peas, beans, lentils, lupins, mesquite, carob, soy, and peanuts?
500
Coco de mer is the worlds largest ________.
What is coconut or nut?
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