Multiplying Fractions by a Whole Number
Vocabulary
Comparing Fractions
Word Problems
100

1/5 + 1/5 = ?

Show the addition AND a visual model.

1/5 + 1/5 = 2/5

100

3 x 1/2 = ?

Show two of the following: multiplication, repeated addition, visual model.

3 x 1/2 = 3/2 = 1 1/2

100

The top part of a fraction that shows how many parts are being considered.

NUMERATOR

100

Use to >, < or = to compare...

1/4 to 3/4

1/4 < 3/4

100

Aidan walks 1/2 mile to school in the morning, and then walks the same route in reverse to go home in the afternoon. How far does Aidan walk each day?

1/2 + 1/2 = 2/2 = 1 mile

200

2/4 + 1/4 = ?

Show the addition AND a visual model.

1/4 + 2/4 = 3/4

200

2 x 1/3 = ?

Show two of the following: multiplication, repeated addition, visual model.

2 x 1/3 = 2/3

200

The bottom part of a fraction that shows how many total parts there are.

DENOMINATOR

200

Use to >, < or = to compare...

1/4 to 1/2

Use to >, < or = to compare...

1/4 < 1/2

200

Declan has a peanut butter sandwich cut into fourths. He eats one piece for breakfast, then another two for lunch. What fraction of the sandwich did Declan eat? Show your work.

1/4 + 2/4 = 3/4

300

7/8 - 5/8 = ?

Show the subtraction AND a visual model.

7/8 - 5/8 = 2/8 (=1/4)

300

4 x 1/4 = ?

Show two of the following: multiplication, repeated addition, visual model.

4 x 1/4 = 4/4 = 1

300

Two (or more!) fractions that have equal values, but different numerators/denomators.

EQUIVALENT FRACTIONS

300

Use to >, < or = to compare...

1/3 to 2/6

1/3 = 2/6

300

Priscilla has 7/8 of a chocolate cake in her refrigerator. She eats 1/8 after lunch and another 1/8 after dinner. How much chocolate cake does she have left at the end of the day?

7/8 - 1/8 - 1/8 = 5/8

400

1 - 1/2 = ?

Show the subtraction AND a visual model.

2/2 - 1/2 = 1/2

400

5 x 3/4 = ?

Show two of the following: multiplication, repeated addition, visual model.

5 x 3/4 = 15/4

400

A fraction with a numerator that is greater than its denominator.

Fraction greater than one / Improper Fraction

400

Use to >, < or = to compare...

5/6 to 3/4

5/6 > 3/4

400

David is making a smoothie for himself and his 4 families members. For each smoothie he mixes 3/5 cup of yogurt and 1/5 cup of frozen fruit. How many cups of smoothie does he make in all? Show your work.

3/5 + 1/5 = 4/5

4/5 x 5 = 20/5 cups OR 4 cups

500

1 - 1/3 = ?

Show the subtraction AND a visual model.

3/3 - 1/3 = 2/3

500

6/8 x 6 = ?

Show two of the following: multiplication, repeated addition, visual model.

6/8 x 6 = 36/8

500

A number that contains both a whole number and a fraction together (ex: 3 1/2)

MIXED NUMBER

500

Use to >, < or = to compare...

1 4/12 to 1 1/3

1 4/12 = 1 1/3

500

Angelica went strawberry picking with her sister Desdemona. Angelica picked 2 1/4 bushels of strawberries and Desdemona picked 3 1/4 bushels  of strawberries. They combined their strawberries, then used 2 3/4 bushels  for jam. How many bushels are still left over? Show your work

2 1/4 + 3/ 1/4 = 5 2/4

5 2/4 - 2 3/4 = 2 3/4