chapter 1 chapter 2 chapter 3 chapter 4 misc

100

What is Gerontology
The study of aging and older adults is known as?

100

What is a correlation
A statistic that tells whether variables are related, and if they are, the direction of that relationship.

100

What are neurotransmitters
Chemicals that nerve cells use to communicate with one another

100

What is Programmed
a researcher who believes senescence is due to a predetermined plan would be following what kind of a theory, programmed or unprogrammed?

100

What is senescence
what term refers to increasing vulnerability, both mental and physical, as we age?

200

What is Geriatrics.
The specialty within such health care fields as medicine, social work, nursing, and dentistry?

200

a cross sectional study is when the different age groups tested are composed of different people. Longitudinal studies test the same people, at different ages, over time.
Describe the difference between a longitudinal study and a cross sectional study

200

What are telomeres
The series of repeating units that appear at the end of a DNA chromsome are called

200

What is entropy
A law of thermodynamics that says energy dissipates over time

200

What is chronic conditions.
This term refers to physical ailments that are characterized by slow onset and a long duration

300

What is Ageism
Discrimination against older adults is known as?

300

What is nature- nurture, mechanistic-organismic, continuity-discontinuity, stability and change.
name at least 3 of the four core issues of aging

300

What is antagonistic pleiotropy
A term that theorizes that genes that increase the probability of good reproductive years decrease the probability of long life

300

What is the hayflick number
The number of times a cell can divide and reproduce before they die

300

What is pensions, social security, savings and assets.
list the three common types of income for retired persons

400

LEASA is how long you can expect to live after reaching a certain age, while LEAB is how long you can expect to live at birth.
Define both LEASA and LEAB

400

What is a Case study
This kind of research refers to the extended collection of information on some individual or, less often, some group of individuals

400

what is amyloid or beta amyloid
A protein that plays a major role in Alzheimer's disease

400

What is Lipofuscin
a substance composed of a number of metabolic waste products and accumulates in various cells throughout the body. It produces spots on the skin referred to as liver spots.

400

aerobic exercise consists of activities that increase heart rate like jogging, while resistance exercise refers to muscle training involving pushing or pulling against a force (weight lifting).
describe the difference between aerobic exercise and resistance exercise

500

What is the baby boom generation, changes in the birth rate, and changes in lifespan and life expectancy
Name the three factors that are contributing to an aging population here in the United States.

500

reliability is getting essentially the same results for the same people after retesting them. Validity is making sure what is being measured is actually what the researchers claim to measure.
Describe the difference between validity and relability

500

Programmed: Biological Clock, Evolution, Hormones. Unprorammed Theories: Wear and Tear, Free Radicals, Garbage Accumulation, DNA Damage and Repair
List two programmed theories and two unprogrammed theories

500

What is DHEA
a hormone produced in the adrenal glands. Production of this declines about 2 percent every year following puberty. It may inhibit certiain cancers.

500

What is Free radical theory.
This theory claims that senescence is the result of damage produced by atoms or molecules with an odd number of electrons. They are very reactive and unstable

Gerontology 100 test #1 review

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