Miscellaneous
Acronyms
Power, places and networks
Human development and diversity
Global risks and resilience
100

A portion of geographic space, which is unique in some way. These can be compared according to their cultural or physical diversity, or disparities in wealth or resources. 

Place

100

PPP

Purchasing power parity

100

Countries that have begun to experience higher rates of economic growth, often due to rapid industrialization.

Countries that have begun to experience higher rates of

 

100

A term used to describe the polarization of the world’s population into ‘haves’ and ‘have-nots’.

Development gap

100

Why may there be popular support for governments being allowed to ‘snoop’ online.

Paedophiles, terrorists etc.

200

The movement of people, goods and ideas within and across geographic space.


Spatial interactions

200

PPPP

Place, process, power, possility.

200

The practice of using capitalism, globalisation and cultural imperialism to influence a developing country instead of the previous colonial methods of direct military control (imperialism) or indirect political control.

Neo-colonial(ism)

200

Definition of human development

Human development generally means the ways in which a country seeks to progress economically and to improve the quality of life for its inhabitants.

200

Definition of ‘black swan’ events.

These are ‘unthinkable’ high-impact, hard-to-predict and rare occurrences.

300

The ability to influence and affect change or equilibrium at different scales.

Power

300

IPCC

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

300

The skilful combined use of both hard power (getting your own way by using force) and soft power (the power of persuasion) in international relations.

Smart power

300

A ‘roadmap’ for human development by setting out priorities for action. 

The UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

300

Risk

A real or perceived threat against any aspect of social or economic life.

400

Places can be identified at a variety of geographic levels, from local to national to regional to global.

Scale

400

BRICS

Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa

400

An Index of Globalization

KOF (measures economic, political and social globalization).

400

The Human Development Index (HDI)

Life expectancy at birth
Mean years of schooling (Years that a 25-year-old person or older has spent in schools)
Expected years of schooling (Years that a 5-year-old child will spend with his education in his whole life                                     Gross national income (GNI) at purchasing power parity per capita

400

Parallel to the risk of hacking and identity threats, ICT also threatens personal freedoms in what is sometimes described as ‘the rise of the surveillance society’.

What did George Orwell call such societies in his book "1984"?

‘Big brother’ societies

500

temporal

relating to time

500

MINTs

Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria, Turkey

500

The International Monetary Fund's (IMF) definition of globalization.

‘The growing interdependence of countries worldwide through the increasing volume and variety of cross-border transactions in goods and services and of international capital flows, and through the more rapid and widespread diffusion of technology.’

500

Social entrepreneurship approaches are a way of trying to meet human development goals, which draws on business techniques and principles, like this social entrepreneur and provider of microloans.

Grameen Bank in Bangladesh.


500

The founder of WikiLeaks (2006).

Julian Assange

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