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Vocabulary
Random

100

What was New England's economy like?

Small farms, lumber. fishing, shipbuilding, and shipping were important

100

What goods and services were in colonial towns?

Goods: food, handmade products, barrels; Services: grinding grain

100

What was the Great Awakening?

A time when ministers tried to awaken a feeling of religion in colonists, a time when many new religious groups formed

100

Economy

the way goods, wealth, and services are created and used

100

Why were most farms in New England small?

Farming was difficult due to rocky soil and a short growing season

200

Who worked on the farms in the middle colonies?

Mostly hired workers, some enslaved Africans

200

How was the town common used?

A church, meetinghouse, school, and houses were built around it; volunteer army trained there

200

What political rights did men in England have that colonial men did not?

Rights to representation, trial by jury

200

Export

to send goods to another region or country

200

How was farming in the Middle colonies different from plantation farming?

Farms in the Middle colonies used fewer enslaved workers and more hired workers. The products were different.

300

What were the two kinds of economies that developed in the Southern colonies?

Plantations with enslaved workers; small farms with no enslaved workers

300

What were two of the important colonial cities?

Boston, New York, and Philadelphia

300

Why did England establish colonies?

To increase the wealth of Great Britain

300

Frontier

A newly settled or lightly settled area just outside an area of older settlements

300

Why did England tell the colonies what goods they could import and export?

So England could become rich by buying cheap raw materials from the colonies and using them to make finished products, which England sold fro high prices

400

What was the triangular trade?

A trade route where goods and slaves were bought and sold at three destinations

400

What kind of towns were in colonial America?

Trade towns, port towns, communities where people knew one another

400

How did the Navigation Acts control trade?

The colonies had to pay more money for goods from other countries; only English ships could carry goods to and from colonies

400

Import

an item brought into a country or region from another country or region

400

Explain why the right to a trial by jury was important to colonists.

The importance of being judged by people in one's own community, and the feeling of entitlement to the same rights as the English.

500

What kinds of work did women do in the colonies?

They worked as shopkeepers, printers, shipbuilders; they farmed and did all household jobs.

500

What is a New England town meeting?

A meeting of townspeople to vote on leaders and laws

500

How did the Great Awakening affect the colonies?

New religious groups formed

500

Barter

to trade a product or service for another product of service

500

Jury

a group of people who decide whether a person on trial is guilty or innocent