Medicine and Science Agriculture and Industry Art Government Warfare

100

What are yin and yang?
The ancient Chinese believed illnesses happened when these two forces were out of balance.

100

What is the chain pump?
This invention made it easier to move water from irrigation ditches and canals, to the fields.

100

What is the invention of paper?
This was the most important advance in art during the Han dynasty.

100

What is Confucianism?
This philosophy influenced Han government.

100

What is the army?
All men from age 25 to 60 had to serve two years in this.

200

What is acupuncture?
With this technique, thin needles are inserted in to certain parts of the body to help cure illnesses and more.

200

What is the wheelbarrow?
This invention spared farmers from the burden of carrying heavy loads on their backs or in buckets suspended from poles.

200

What are silk and bamboo?
Before the invention of paper, the Chinese wrote on these two materials.

200

What is a bureaucracy?
This is the name for the pyramid structure of government organizations.

200

What is a crossbow?
This weapon was made of two pieces of wood in the shape of a cross.

300

What is moxibustion?
With this technique, a cone made of powdered leaves and sticks is placed on the skin and burned, in order to promote healing and help reduce pain.

300

What is silk?
The trade of this started during the Han dynasty.

300

What is calligraphy?
This fine handwriting flowed naturally, as if it was inspired by nature.

300

What is pass a civil service exam?
In order to be hired into government jobs, young men had to do this.

300

What are kites?
These were used to send messages from one part of an army to another.

400

What is the seismograph?
This instrument, invented by the Han Chinese, detected earthquakes.

400

What is salt?
This important trade item was used to preserve meat and vegetables.

400

Who are scribes?
Much like artisans, these people wrote characters with a brush and ink.

400

What is serve in their own district?
Once civil servants were hired, they were not allowed to do this.

400

What is iron?
Han armor was made from this type of metal.

500

What is lodestone?
This material was used by the Han Chinese to make compasses, because it tends to align itself in a north-south direction.

500

What is brine?
This is the name for the salt water that the Chinese drilled to gather from 1,000 feet below the Earth's surface.

500

What are 1) silk fibers 2) hemp 3) bamboo 4) straw 5) seaweed
Identify 3 materials used to make paper.

500

What is the capital?
Top Han officials lived here.

500

What are swords?
Because of the use of iron, these weapons could now be made longer.

Han Dynasty: Chapter 23

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