Industries
People
Natural Resources & Raw Materials
Inventions & Innovations
Building a Nation

100

All the companies and mills that dig mines, refine minerals, and sell refined minerals products are a part of the ______________________.
mining industry

100

The man considered the "father of forestry" who believed in using natural resources responsibly so he started the timber industry was ___________________.
Gifford Pinchot

100

The mineral used to make cement and glass for constructing homes, buildings, sidewalks, bridges, skyscrapers, and window glass is _______________.
limestone

100

The process that converted iron to steel by blowing oxygen on white, hot, molten iron was the _________________.
Bessemer Process

100

The process of building something is called ________________.
construction

200

Any company involved in harvesting trees or planting trees for harvesting is part of the _________________.
timber industry

200

The inventor and innovator who was the first to manufacture light bulbs and invent the electric lighting system was ________________________.
Thomas Edison

200

The mineral used to produce energy and heat and eventually burned to generate electricity during the Industrial Revolution was __________________.
coal

200

The first reliable source of power during industrialization was the _____________________.
the steam engine

200

The term that describes using power-driven machinery to manufacture goods or the process by which a country moves from farming to industry is called __________________.
industrialization

300

Any company that cuts down trees found naturally in the environment is part of the _________________.
logging industry

300

The man who invented the process for converting iron into steel was ____________________.
Henry Bessemer

300

The most popular metal used in U.S. industrialization, especially in railroad construction, before the use of steel was ____________________.
iron ore

300

An machine used in most vehicles in which the fuel is burned within engine cylinders is called a/an _________________________.
internal combustion engine

300

A country that is powerful enough to affect the entire world by its influence or actions is a/an __________________.
world power

400

The process of making products especially with machines in factories is called __________________.
manufacturing

400

The man considered the "father of natural gas" because he was the first to harness natural gas, form a natural gas company, and light a town with natural gas was _________________________.
William Hart

400

Any natural resources that are used up or consumed in creating power are called ____________________.
energy resources

400

Those who carefully use or replace natural resources to prevent these resources from being lost or wasted are trying to ___________________.
conserve

400

The metal alloy created using iron ore that became the preferred metal in construction because it was lighter, stronger, more durable than iron, and did not rust as quickly as iron was ______________.
steel

500

The process of removing unwanted materials or impurities from a substance is called _______________.
refining

500

The first man to strike oil at its source outside the town of Titusville, Pennsylvania in 1859 was __________________.
Edwin L. Drake:  

500

Any solid substance formed naturally under the ground is called a/an _____________.
mineral

500

The legal papers that give an inventor all the rights to produce and sell their invention are called a/an _________.
patent

500

The basic equipment and structures such as tunnels, roads, and bridges that are needed for a country or region to function properly is called ___________________.
infrastructure