Energy
Vocabulary
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100

The natural resource that was most used to produce energy during the Industrial Revolution was ____________.
coal

100

Anything having to do with farming or raising livestock is called _________________.
agricultural

100

A building or group of buildings where products are made is called a/an ______________.
factory

100

The time period in history during the 1700s and 1800s when there was so much industrialization going on was called ______________.
The Industrial Revolution

100

The first American to begin experimenting with harnessing electricity as a power source was ______________.
Benjamin Franklin

200

Electricity converted using water as the primary energy source is called ______________.
hydroelectricity

200

Things that are found in nature and are valuable to humans are called _______________.
natural resources

200

All the companies or factories that make a type of product are called a/an ______________.
industry

200

One of the largest and most important oil strikes in history that led Texas to become the leader in U.S. oil production was ________________.
Spindletop

200

The inventor of the first true steam engine in 1712 was ______________.
Thomas Newcomen

300

Energy that is converted from primary sources to store, move, and deliver energy in an easy to use form is called a/an __________________.
secondary energy resource

300

The basic materials used to build something or make a product for people to use are called ______________.
raw materials

300

A building where trees are processed into lumber is a/an _____________.
saw mill

300

The process of making or growing something for sale or use is called ___________________.
production or manufacturing

300

The man who stole the textile factory method from Great Britain and brought it to America was _______________.
Samuel Slater

400

Energy created directly from a natural resource is called a/an __________________.
primary energy resource

400

The word used for controlling or using something for a particular purpose is _____________.
harness

400

The city and state where Edwin L. Drake struck oil at its source for the first time in 1859 was _______________.
Titusville, Pennsylvania

400

When a person is capable of producing the results they want without wasting materials, time, or energy, he or she is being ________________.
efficient

400

The man who improved Newcomen's steam engine and invented the rotary steam engine was _____________.
James Watt

500

A natural resource that is collected by drilling and was not widely used until the invention of the internal combustion engine was _________.
oil

500

A new idea, method, or process or an improvement to something already invented is called a/an _____________.
innovation

500

The first town to having lighting using natural gas was _______________.
Fredonia, New York

500

The raw material that is produced by saw mills when they process trees to be used in constructing things like homes and furniture is ______________/
lumber

500

The nation that had a plethora of natural resources which allowed them to quickly and successfully industrialize is _________________________.
the United States