Hydrology
Atmosphere
Winds and Clouds
Weather
Misc.

100

During what process does water vapor cool and form clouds?
Condensation

100

Heat is transferred by liquids and gasses in a process called
convection.

100

When air at the Earth’s surface moves from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure, it creates A – doldrums. B – jet streams. C – wind. D – an occluded front.
C - wind.

100

When a mass of warm air moves to replace a mass of cooler air, it forms a(n)
warm front.

100

Which type of air is the most dense? A – wet and cold B – dry and cold C – wet and warm D – dry and warm
B - dry and cold

200

Plants give off water vapor in a process called
transpiration.

200

The atmosphere is a mixture of gases which mainly include: A – Hydrogen and helium. B – Carbon Dioxide, nitrogen, and sulfur dioxide. C – Visible masses of water droplets and ice crystals. D – Nitrogen, oxygen, and trace gases that include water vapor.
D – Nitrogen, oxygen, and trace gases that include water vapor.

200

A cloud forms when moisture in the air
condenses on small particles in the air.

200

For a hurricane to occur, what conditions must be present in the atmosphere?
low pressure and moisture

200

As you go deeper into the ocean, what happens to pressure and temperature?
Pressure increases and temperature decreases.

300

What percentage of the Earth's water is freshwater?
3%

300

Humidity is a measure of
the amount of water vapor in the air.

300

Global winds are caused by A – unequal heating of the Earth. B – the Coriolis Effect. C – global ocean currents. D – sea breezes and land breezes.
A - unequal heating of the Earth.

300

Georgia is most often affected by which type of air mass?
maritime tropical

300

Climate zones are caused by differences in
temperature and precipitation.

400

Large, flat areas at the bottom of the ocean are called
abyssal plains.

400

In the atmosphere, as altitude increases, air pressure
decreases.

400

The type of cloud that is high, thin, and made of ice crystals is called
cirrus.

400

The type of air mass with the lowest pressure would be
maritime tropical.

400

The salinity in the ocean is caused mostly by
sodium chloride.

500

What are caused by the gravitational pull of the moon?
Tides

500

The heat energy from the sun is transferred to the earth by
radiation.

500

What causes a land breeze at the beach? A – cool air on land is replacing warm air over the water B – warm air on land is replacing cool air over the water C – cool air on land is replacing cool air over the water. D – none of the above
A – cool air on land is replacing warm air over the water

500

The most dangerous part of a hurricane is its
storm surge.

500

Greenhouse gasses added to the atmosphere by humans seem to be affecting our climate. The gas most responsible for this is
carbon dioxide.