Hydrology Atmosphere Winds and Clouds Weather Misc.

100

Condensation
During what process does water vapor cool and form clouds?

100

convection.
Heat is transferred by liquids and gasses in a process called

100

C - wind.
When air at the Earth’s surface moves from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure, it creates A – doldrums. B – jet streams. C – wind. D – an occluded front.

100

warm front.
When a mass of warm air moves to replace a mass of cooler air, it forms a(n)

100

B - dry and cold
Which type of air is the most dense? A – wet and cold B – dry and cold C – wet and warm D – dry and warm

200

transpiration.
Plants give off water vapor in a process called

200

D – Nitrogen, oxygen, and trace gases that include water vapor.
The atmosphere is a mixture of gases which mainly include: A – Hydrogen and helium. B – Carbon Dioxide, nitrogen, and sulfur dioxide. C – Visible masses of water droplets and ice crystals. D – Nitrogen, oxygen, and trace gases that include water vapor.

200

condenses on small particles in the air.
A cloud forms when moisture in the air

200

low pressure and moisture
For a hurricane to occur, what conditions must be present in the atmosphere?

200

Pressure increases and temperature decreases.
As you go deeper into the ocean, what happens to pressure and temperature?

300

3%
What percentage of the Earth's water is freshwater?

300

the amount of water vapor in the air.
Humidity is a measure of

300

A - unequal heating of the Earth.
Global winds are caused by A – unequal heating of the Earth. B – the Coriolis Effect. C – global ocean currents. D – sea breezes and land breezes.

300

maritime tropical
Georgia is most often affected by which type of air mass?

300

temperature and precipitation.
Climate zones are caused by differences in

400

abyssal plains.
Large, flat areas at the bottom of the ocean are called

400

decreases.
In the atmosphere, as altitude increases, air pressure

400

cirrus.
The type of cloud that is high, thin, and made of ice crystals is called

400

maritime tropical.
The type of air mass with the lowest pressure would be

400

sodium chloride.
The salinity in the ocean is caused mostly by

500

Tides
What are caused by the gravitational pull of the moon?

500

radiation.
The heat energy from the sun is transferred to the earth by

500

A – cool air on land is replacing warm air over the water
What causes a land breeze at the beach? A – cool air on land is replacing warm air over the water B – warm air on land is replacing cool air over the water C – cool air on land is replacing cool air over the water. D – none of the above

500

storm surge.
The most dangerous part of a hurricane is its

500

carbon dioxide.
Greenhouse gasses added to the atmosphere by humans seem to be affecting our climate. The gas most responsible for this is

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