Definitions
Name that example
Signal Words
Text Features
Passages- Easy

100

the author states a problem and lists one or more possible solutions

What is problem and solution?

100

In the morning I wake up, then I eat breakfast, next I brush my teeth...

What is sequence?

100

first, next, then, before, after, finally, following

What is sequence?

100

Words found near a picture or photograph to help readers better understand in a text.

What is a caption?

100

The foundation of every pizza is the crust, and good crust comes from good dough. You might be surprised to learn that pizza dough is made from nothing more than flour, water, yeast, olive oil, salt, and sometimes sugar. Start by adding your yeast packet to a cup of warm water. Let the yeast activate, and then add two cups of flour, two tablespoons of olive oil, two teaspoons of sugar, and a teaspoon of salt. Mix all of that together and wait half an hour for the dough to rise. Now you’re ready to roll it out! .
What is sequence?

200

My eyes were having a problem adjusting to the sunlight as I tried to read by the pool. I decided to put on my sunglasses.

What is problem and solution?

200

Although both ice cream and veggies are food, ice cream is a less healthy option than veggies.

What is compare and contrast?

200

same as, similar, alike, as well as, also, both, instead of, on the other hand, different from, and as opposed to

What is compare and contrast?

200

are special headings that help readers know what the next section of text will be about

What is subtitles or subheadings?

200

Willow Creek is very different from New York City. There are no tall skyscrapers in Willow Creek. All you can see are fields and sky. Instead of taxicab horns and fire truck sirens, it is so quiet at night that you can hear the crickets chirping. The MAIN text structure used in this paragraph is . . .
What is compare and contrast?

300

The text describes an event and what can happen because of that event.

What is cause and effect?

300

The morning sunrise was a breathtaking display of radiant colors. Bright streaks of red, pink, and orange, slowly overcame the dark twilight sky.

What is a Description?

300

problem is, question is, puzzle is, to solve this, and one answer is

What is problem and solution?

300

Helps readers identify key topics in the book in the order they are presented and found at the beginning of a book.

What is Table of Contents

300

Volcanoes have been around for millions of years. The first volcanoes probably existed during the Jurassic era, when dinosaurs existed. Millions of years later, the Hawaiian Islands were formed by erupting volcanoes. Today, there is a Volcano on the Island of Hawaii.
What is chronological

400

the author explains how two or more things are alike and how they are different

What is compare and contrast?

400

The Native Americans became extremely ill because of the lack of nutrition and not being used to the different type of diet.

What is Cause and Effect?

400

so, because, since, therefore, if/then, this led to, as a result, a reason why, may be due to, consequently, for this reason

What is cause and effect?

400

Similar to a dictionary, it helps readers define words from the book

What is a glossary?

400

Thousands of people die each year in car accidents involving drugs or alcohol. Lives could be saved if our town adopts a free public taxi service. By providing such a service, we could prevent intoxicated drivers from endangering themselves or others.
What is problem and solution?

500

What diagram would you often use in comparing and contrasting characters in a book?

What is a Venn Diagram?

500

A cause creates an________

What is an effect?

500

Another word for chronological (which it sometimes can be called in text structures)

What is sequence?

500

Helps readers find pages for specific topics in a text

What is an Index?

500

Many people think that one may get sick if one goes into cold weather improperly dressed; however, illnesses are not caused by temperature- they are caused by germs. So while shivering outside in the cold probably won’t strengthen your immune system, you’re more likely to contract an illness indoors.

What is cause and effect?