Vertically Upright
Gait
Muscles & Other Stuff Thrown In
I Should Know This

100

The position in which you hold your body when standing or sitting.


What is posture?

100

Someone’s manner of ambulation or locomotion, involves the total body

What is gait?

100

This substance is produced and builds up in the body after prolonged aerobic exercise and contributes to muscle fatigue.

What is lactic acid?

100

This term describes the end feel of elbow flexion.

What is soft?

200

Two types of active posture.

What are static and dynamic?

200

The time between heel strike of one leg and heel strike of the contra-lateral leg

What is step time?

200

A blood pressure reading above 140/90 can be categorized as this.

What is hypertension (or high blood pressure)?

200

A patient participating in a cardiac rehabilitation program presenting with a heart rate of 55 - 60 beats per minute is best be described as this.

What is bradycardia?

300

In standing this muscle group is constantly active counteracting gravity's pull forwards.

What are the erector spinae?


300

The first of six phases of the gait cycle.

What is heel strike?

300

The disadvantage of this type of strengthening exercise is that there is no improvement in muscle endurance.

What is isometric exercise?

300

Surgical removal of the ear.

What is auriculectomy?

400

An excessive outward curve of the spine results in an abnormal rounding of the upper back. The condition is sometimes known as "roundback" or—in the case of a severe curve—as "hunchback.

What is kyphosis?

400

Also named the propulsive phase.

What is the toe-off phase?

400

The muscle responsible for forefoot adduction, ankle inversion and plantarflexion.

What is the Tibialis Posterior?

400

Aerobic, Anaerobic and this energy system comprise the 3 primary metabolic pathways for the body. 

What is the Glycolytic energy system?

500

In this abnormal posture the deep cervical flexors and scapular retractors become stretched and weakened, while the suboccipitals and levator scapulae become short and tight.

What is head-forward posture.

500

In this phase of the gait cycle the hip moves from 10° of flexion to extension; the knee reaches maximal flexion and then begins to extend; The ankle becomes supinated and dorsiflexed;  the body is supported by one single leg. At this moment the body begins to move from force absorption at impact to force propulsion forward.

What is midstance?

500

When muscle elongates over two or more joints at the same time, it will not allow further motion by the agonist because it reaches this. 

What is passive insufficiency?

500

In order to use the contract-relax (autogenic inhibition) method to stretch tight hamstrings, you would first ask that the client isometrically contract these two muscles. 

What are Semimembranosus and Biceps Femoris?