Runoff
Algae Blooms
Aquatic Invasives
Phosphorus
BMPs

100

These are common in residential areas and are often where runoff from lawns, sidewalks, and streets ends up.
What are storm drains?

100

This is limiting nutrient in freshwater ecosystems that causes algae blooms.
What is phosphorus?

100

Name one invasive animal species in Lake Champlain.
What is zebra mussel, alewife, or spiny water flea?

100

Name one way our pets contribute phosphorus to the landscape.
What is pooping on the lawn or along the sidewalk?

100

This is a way you can beautify your yard while also reducing the amount of stormwater running off of your house.
What is a rain garden?

200

This type of surface does not allow water to pass through.
What are impervious surfaces (e.g., concrete)?

200

This is another name for blue-green algae.
What are cyanobacteria?

200

Name one invasive plant species in Lake Champlain.
What is water chestnut or eurasian milfoil?

200

Name two sources of phosphorus that can come from farms.
What are pesticides, manure, eroded soil, and/or fertilizer?

200

This can be put between any land use (such as farming) and a body of water to minimize erosion, stabilize stream banks, and reduce pollution.
What is a riparian buffer zone?

300

This is the basin-like area of land that drains water, sediment, and dissolved substances into a common waterbody.
What is a watershed?

300

Under these conditions algae blooms are most common.
What are warm temperatures, shallow bays, and high nutrient levels?

300

This is the most effective way to prevent invasive species from entering Lake Champlain
What are preventive strategies (stopping they before they get in) and/or education?

300

Phosphorus often binds with this material and can enter the watershed through erosion.
What is soil?

300

This area provides a location to naturally store water in, thus minimizing impacts during severe weather events.
What is a floodplain or river corridor?

400

This is the definition of erosion.
What is the process of soil/rock weathering from physical processes such as wind and water?

400

Name two ways how contact with algae blooms can harm human (or pet!) health.
What are skin irritation, allergic reactions, stomach ailments, and/or death?

400

Name a BMP that marinas can use to help prevent aquatic invasive species from getting into the lake.
What are educational signs or on-site stewards (or helpers)?

400

This is how construction sites can contribute phosphorus to the watershed.
What is by erosion of bare soil?

400

These are methods of managing stormwater that utilizes plants and can include BMPs, but are sometimes even better at treating runoff (e.g., rain barrels, rain gardens, etc.)
What is green stormwater infrastructure?

500

What is the name of the set of practices established by the Environmental Protection Agency to prevent or reduce water pollution from stormwater runoff?
What are best management practices?

500

This is the process that describes the "aging" of a lake, where there is excessive growth of plants and algae, low dissolved oxygen, and limited animal life.
What is eutrophication?

500

This is the difference between an invasive species and a non-native species.
An invasive species disrupts the balance of an ecosystem by outcompeting native species for food/resources, and can be native or non-native. A non-native species is a species that was brought over after European settlement (~1600s) but does not outcompete native species for food/resources.

500

Phosphorus can naturally (in small amounts) enter the watershed from these.
What are forests?

500

This method of managing stormwater runoff is most common in urban areas and is useful when open land area is limited (Hint: UVM's Aiken Center has one of these)
What is a green roof?