Residential Farmland Parks & Open Space City Forest

100

What is picking up, bagging, and throwing your dog's poop away! (and in some cases, composting it)
Name an important and easy BMP (Best Management Practice) that your parents may ask you to do when walking your dog.

100

What is manure/animal feces
What do farmers spread on their fields as a natural fertilizer?

100

What is trees and vegetation
Planting these helps hold soil on steep banks and hill sides

100

What is street sweeping
This occurs annually to clean city streets, minimizing the amount of trash washed into waterways

100

What is plant new trees and don't cut down the old
What is the easiest way to prevent soil from becoming loosened and eroded in a forest?

200

What is Grass!
What is the crop that is grown by almost every residential house in America? Hint - it often uses lots of fertilizer and pesticides.

200

What is put up a fence
Farmers might do this to keep their animals from using a waterway as their personal toilet

200

What is a Floodplain
Leaving these river/stream zones undeveloped ensures that flood damage will be minimized

200

What is salt and sand
Although it is necessary to spread this on icy roads during the winter, rain events in the spring can wash what into our rivers & streams?

200

What is erosion
Cutting down trees or removing vegetation on a slope can often cause this event to occur (hint: something with soil movement)

300

What is compost!
You can do this to recycle your food waste, limit the amount of things you throw away, and create a natural fertilizer

300

What is winter
What season should environmentally conscious farmers avoid spreading manure on their fields?

300

What is: Planting Trees!, Live stakes, Brushmattress
Give two examples of natural erosion control measures that can be used to stabilize stream banks

300

What is silt fencing or sod
Erosion can be controlled at construction sites by using these materials

300

What is: •wetlands •swamp •bog •fen
These areas act as a natural sponge for flooding or high water levels, helping to balance excess water introduced into an ecosystem

400

What is a rain garden
Installing one of these can absorb sitting or excess water after a rain storm that would otherwise runoff into a storm drain or waterway, plus it adds a touch of color to your yard!

400

What is synthetic/chemical pesticides, herbicides and fertilizers
Limiting or eliminating the amount farmers use these on their crops would help organisms both on land and in the water because they would not be exposed to these harmful chemicals

400

What is Riprap
This may be installed along river banks to combat erosion

400

What is pouring it down the drain or storm sewers
This is an improper way to dispose of your household hazardous wastes, such as antifreeze, paint, or oil.

400

What is clear-cutting
This type of tree harvesting is the most damaging to an ecosystem

500

What is phosphorous-phosphorous is often unnecessarily added to household products such as detergent and soap, and used frequently on private & public yards to increase vegetation growth. During a rain event, phosphorous clings to soil particles and is carried into our waterways in the form of runoff. In low levels, phosphorous is often harmless and serves as a nutrient for aquatic plants (helping them to grow), but in excess, phosphorous can cause a fast over growth of aquatic plants such as algae, which can quickly span over the surface of an area of water and lead to eutrophication!
This element is found in soaps, detergents, animal waste, fertilizers and naturally in the earth (rocks and soil)- but often makes its way into our waterways in high and damaging levels. Name what this element is, how it gets into our lakes and rivers, and the negative impacts are (extra points for proper vocabulary!)

500

What is integrated pest management
Farmers can use this practice to eliminate pests without using dangerous chemicals-using tools nature has already given us! (Explain the concept, extra points for proper vocabulary)

500

What is: •filter sediment & chemicals •absorb water •biological removal of nutrients and pollutants •trap air pollutants •intercept rainfall, protect soil, provide infiltration
Name two ways that forested land can prevent pollutants from getting into our waterways

500

What is LID (Low Impact Development)
This is a form of development that reduces urban runoff and improves water quality by working with nature to manage stormwater as close to its source as possible

500

What is: •Honey Suckle •Japanese Knotweed •Glossy Buckthorn •Garlic Mustard •Purple Loosestrife •Japanese Barberry •Emerald Ash Borer •Asian Long-Horned Beetle •Poison Parsnip (wild parsnip) • and many more... The direct threats of invasive species: • preying on native species • out-competing native species for food or other resources • causing or carrying disease • preventing native species from reproducing or killing their young
Name at least one of the most prolific (abundant) invasive species in Vermont forests today and give two ways that invasive species can be harmful to an ecosystem.

Keeping the Balance Jeopardy

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