Runoff Algae Blooms Aquatic Invasives Phosphorus BMPs

100

What are storm drains?
These are common in residential areas and are often where runoff from lawns, sidewalks, and streets ends up.

100

What is phosphorus?
This is limiting nutrient in freshwater ecosystems that causes algae blooms.

100

What is zebra mussel, alewife, or spiny water flea?
Name one invasive animal species in Lake Champlain.

100

What is pooping on the lawn or along the sidewalk?
Name one way our pets contribute phosphorus to the landscape.

100

What is a rain garden?
This is a way you can beautify your yard while also reducing the amount of stormwater running off of your house.

200

What are impervious surfaces (e.g., concrete)?
This type of surface does not allow water to pass through.

200

What are cyanobacteria?
This is another name for blue-green algae.

200

What is water chestnut or eurasian milfoil?
Name one invasive plant species in Lake Champlain.

200

What are pesticides, manure, eroded soil, and/or fertilizer?
Name two sources of phosphorus that can come from farms.

200

What is a riparian buffer zone?
This can be put between any land use (such as farming) and a body of water to minimize erosion, stabilize stream banks, and reduce pollution.

300

What is a watershed?
This is the basin-like area of land that drains water, sediment, and dissolved substances into a common waterbody.

300

What are warm temperatures, shallow bays, and high nutrient levels?
Under these conditions algae blooms are most common.

300

What are preventive strategies (stopping they before they get in) and/or education?
This is the most effective way to prevent invasive species from entering Lake Champlain

300

What is soil?
Phosphorus often binds with this material and can enter the watershed through erosion.

300

What is a floodplain or river corridor?
This area provides a location to naturally store water in, thus minimizing impacts during severe weather events.

400

What is the process of soil/rock weathering from physical processes such as wind and water?
This is the definition of erosion.

400

What are skin irritation, allergic reactions, stomach ailments, and/or death?
Name two ways how contact with algae blooms can harm human (or pet!) health.

400

What are educational signs or on-site stewards (or helpers)?
Name a BMP that marinas can use to help prevent aquatic invasive species from getting into the lake.

400

What is by erosion of bare soil?
This is how construction sites can contribute phosphorus to the watershed.

400

What is green stormwater infrastructure?
These are methods of managing stormwater that utilizes plants and can include BMPs, but are sometimes even better at treating runoff (e.g., rain barrels, rain gardens, etc.)

500

What are best management practices?
What is the name of the set of practices established by the Environmental Protection Agency to prevent or reduce water pollution from stormwater runoff?

500

What is eutrophication?
This is the process that describes the "aging" of a lake, where there is excessive growth of plants and algae, low dissolved oxygen, and limited animal life.

500

An invasive species disrupts the balance of an ecosystem by outcompeting native species for food/resources, and can be native or non-native. A non-native species is a species that was brought over after European settlement (~1600s) but does not outcompete native species for food/resources.
This is the difference between an invasive species and a non-native species.

500

What are forests?
Phosphorus can naturally (in small amounts) enter the watershed from these.

500

What is a green roof?
This method of managing stormwater runoff is most common in urban areas and is useful when open land area is limited (Hint: UVM's Aiken Center has one of these)

Keeping the Balance Jeopardy

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