Adjective Clauses
Adjective Clauses and Phrases
Adverb Clauses
Adverb and adverbial phrases

100

What is an adjective clause?

An adjective clause is a dependent clause that modifies a noun or pronoun in a main clause.

100

She's the neighbor ________ (preposition) whom I was talking. 

SUNY Orange is the college for _________ (relative pronoun) I work.

to

which

100

Subordinating conjunctions are words or phrases that introduce dependent clauses. Give three examples of subordinating conjunctions.

100

Explain how we can reduce this adverb clause to a phrase:

While I was at school, I missed a call from my mother.

While at school, I missed a call from my mother. 

200

What are the two different ways we can place sentences in an adjective clause?

After the main clause or interrupting the main clause

They have a neighbor who is a teacher.

The neighbor who is a teacher is very nice. 

200

SUNY Orange is the college for _________ (relative pronoun) I work.

She's the teacher ____________ (relative pronoun) class I told you about.

which

whose

200

What is an adverb clause?

An adverb clause is a dependent clause that shows how, when, where, why, or under what conditions things happen. An adverb clause can also introduce a contrast. Adverb clauses begin with subordinating conjunctions.

200

Explain how to change the follow adverb clause to an adverb phrase:

Before I drove to class, I had a cup of coffee.

Before driving to class, I had a cup of coffee.

300

What relative pronouns can we use to refer to people as subjects?


People as objects? 

Subjects: who, that

The man who fixes computers is coming at noon. 

Objects: who, whom, that, omit

The man whom I wanted to fix the computer has is not available. 

The man I wanted to fix the computer is unavailable. 

300

all, most, many, some, a couple, both

I have many friends, 

Choose one of the quantifiers above and create an adjective clause to follow the main clause (the quantifier will be followed by a preposition and a relative pronoun).

300

Create a sentence containing an adverb clause.

Write the sentence with the adverb clause at the beginning, and then rewrite the sentence with the adverb clause at the end.

300

What is the difference between an adverb phrase and an adverbial phrase?

An adverbial phrase does not contain a subordinating conjunction. 

Example: Sitting in class, I wondered what would be on the midterm exam.

400

List all seven relative pronouns. 

who, whom, which, whose, that, when, where

400

How do we reduce an adjective clause (containing a form of be) to an adjective phrase?

Omit the relative pronoun and form of "be"

Example: She's the student who's from Peru.


              She's the student from Peru.

400

What are the five types of adverb clauses?

Time, place, reason, condition, contrast

400

Create a sentence containing an adverb clause of time. Then reduce it to an adverbial phrase.

Create a sentence containing an adverb clause of reason. Then reduce it to an adverbial phrase.

500

Choose three relative pronouns and create three sentences with adjective clauses. At least one sentence must use the relative pronoun as an object.

500

How do we change an adjective clause (without a form of be) to an adjective phrase?

Omit the relative pronoun and change the main verb to its -ing form

This is the textbook which explains English grammar. 

This is the textbook explaining English grammar.

500

Write 3 sentences containing 3 different types of adverbs clauses.

500

Create a sentence containing a past-time adverbial phrase. 

Create a sentence containing a passive adverbial phrase .