Definitions Definitions Part 2 What Fallacy Is This? What Fallacy Is This Part 2? For Fun

100

What is Extravagant Hypothesis
Formulating a complex or unlikely explanation for an event when a simpler explanation would do.

100

What is Either/or Fallacy.
The portrayal of a complex situation in simplistic either-or terms, not acknowledging that (1) both alternatives could be true, (2) gray areas exist between the two alternatives, or (3) other possibilities exist.

100

What is either/or fallacy.
Ron has either a very strong proposal or a very weak proposal. Ron does not have a very strong proposal. Therefore, Ron has a very weak proposal.

100

What is Either/Or Fallacy.
“Call within the next 5 minutes and receive a 25% discount, otherwise you will need to pay full price!”

100

What is Appeal to Authority.
The latest and greatest author is featured on Oprah's book club. The very next day everyone rushes out to buy his book.

200

What is Bandwagon Appeal.
This is an appeal to popularity. It is saying that something must be right because “everybody is doing it.”

200

What is Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc.
A occurs before B. Therefore A is the cause of B (Nizkor, 2013).

200

What is post hoc ergo propter hoc.
If something happens just before event B, such as seeing a black cat, and we conclude that the black cat caused event B just because it came prior to event B, then we are guilty of the fallacy of

200

What is bandwagon appeal.
Teenager tells his mom "all my friends have cellphones, so I should have one too". He has fallen prey to which fallacy?

200

What is Appeal to Tradition.
White smoke has been used to signify that there is a new Pope for hundreds of years. The Vatican refuses to change their notification system since it has been that way from the beginning.

300

What is Circular Reasoning.
This error occurs when what a person is arguing for is already assumed to be true in one of the argument’s premises.

300

What is Slippery Slope.
Once someone asks for one thing, they will not end until they have taken it all.

300

What is extravagant hypothesis.
If you find yourself paralyzed in bed for a few moments and see little creatures by your bed, you might conclude that you had experienced some kind of UFO alien abduction. Concluding this without considering more conventional explanations is an example of

300

What is Fallacy of Division.
The housing market in the United States has seen a major decline; therefore, there must be an economic downturn for housing in every city in America.

300

What is Circular Reasoning.
TomKat (Tom Cruise and Katie Holmes) were the cutest celebrity couple because they are TomKat.

400

What is Appeal to Authority.
Person A is (claimed to be) an authority on subject S. Person A makes claim C about subject S. Therefore, C is true (Nizkor, 2013).

400

What is Appeal to Tradition.
Deciding something just because “this is the way we have always done it”.

400

What is hasty generalization.
Mary had a few bad experiences at her favorite clothing store and now believes that all clothing stores are bad. Mary has engaged in which fallacy?

400

What is Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc.
“I don’t wear my seat belt while driving anymore because I have three friends that all got in accidents while they were wearing their seatbelts.”

400

What is Bandwagon Appeal.
Gangnam Style and Harlem Shake were viral hits because people start watching the videos after hearing about it from their friends. This is an example of....

500

What is Appeal to Ignorance.
Saying something must be true (or false) because there is little to no evidence to prove it is not true (or not false).

500

What is Is/Ought Fallacy.
Arguing that just because something is the case, that it ought to be the case.

500

What is Appeal to Tradition.
The builder is questioned on his building practices but he says, “that’s the way I have been building these things for fifteen years.” However, that does not mean he has been building them ‘right’ for fifteen years!

500

What is Hasty Generalization.
With the US unemployment rate at 9.1%, every state, county and city has unemployment problems (Johnson, 2011).

500

What is...nothing it is Chuck Norris :)
Chuck Norris doesn't read books. He stares them down until he gets the information he wants.

Logical Fallacies

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