Macromolecules
Cell Biology
Cell Biology
Genetics
Anatomy & Physiology

100

Enzymes are what type of macromolecule?
Protein

100

What does a viral cell need in order to reproduce?
Host cell

100

What is the function of the Golgi Apparatus?
UPS man! Packages and ships out proteins

100

Brown eyes are dominant (B) while blue eyes are recessive (b). What is the genotype for Jill who is heterozygous for brown eyes and James who is homozygous recessive for blue eyes?
Jill Bb James bb

100

What system is the trachea part of?
Respiratory

200

What is one factor that can have an effect on enzymes?
pH, temperature

200

What is active transport?
Transport of materials across a membrane using energy (Usually transport from low concentration to high concentration...against the gradient!)

200

What is osmosis?
Transport of water across a membrane

200

Give an example of incomplete dominance.
A black chicken and a white chicken make a checkered chicken.

200

Where does the most nutrient absorption take place in the digestive system?
Small intestine

300

What is a water fearing molecule called?
Hydrophobic

300

What are the steps of mitosis?
prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase

300

List 3 differences between a plant cell and an animal cell.
Plant Cell wall Chloroplast Chlorophyll Vacuole Square shaped

300

Give an example of codominance.
Red flower and white flower make a pink flower

300

Where are blood cells produced?
Bone marrow

400

What is a best known steroid that has a bad reputation, because too much can lead to cardiovascular disease?
Cholesterol

400

What is the process of photosynthesis?
Sunlight + CO2 + H2O -----> glucose + oxygen 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy -----> C6H12O6 + 6O2

400

List 3 differences between prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
Prokaryote Nucleiod region Cell wall (capsule) Flagella Cilia Smaller cell Eukaryote ER Golgi Nucleus bigger cell

400

Jill is heterozygous for brown eyes and James is homozygous recessive for blue eyes. What percent of their children will have brown eyes?
50%

400

What is the basic unit of the nervous system? (nervous system cell)
neuron

500

Carbon based molecules are classified as…
organic molecules

500

What is the process of cellular respiration?
glucose + oxygen ------> CO2 + H2O + ATP C6H12O6 + 6O2 ---------> 6CO2 + 6H2O + ATP

500

What are haploid cells?
One complete set of chromosomes

500

Marty is homozygous dominant for brown hair. Felicia is homozygous recessive for blond hair. What percent of their offspring will have blind hair? What are the genotypes of their children?
0% blond Bb

500

Give an example of homeostasis in your body.
body temperature, controlling amount of blood, blood pH, levels of glucose, water levels...etc