Mental health disorders
Mental Health disorders
Models underpinning
Medication in mental health
Types of interventions
What types of Anxiety disorders are there?

Generalized anxiety disorder

Panic disorder

Social anxiety disorder

Specific phobias


How do psychotic disorders affect communication?

Disorganized thoughts or speech

Lack of emotion and/or changes in facial expression

Difficulty understanding speech or other forms of communication

Difficulty making sense of new information

Difficulty solving problems

Slow processing speed, incoherence, difficulties maintaining topics, inappropriate topics


Social Model of Disability

changing identified systemic barriers, negative attitudes and exclusion by society


Psychotropic medicines

Psychotropic medicines work in the brain. They affect behaviour, mood, consciousness, thoughts or perception. They are used to treat mental illness. Sometimes they are given to people to restrain or to control behaviour seen as challenging by others.

  • antipsychotics
  • antidepressants
  • mood stabilisers
  • anxiolytics (benzodiazepines)
  • sedatives
  • antiepileptics.



Talking mats 

Talking Mats can help people with communication difficulties have a greater understanding about the chosen topic. It can increase engagement and can enable them to make informed choices. Talking Mats is one effective method to support people with communication needs, but it should not be used as a stand-alone aid.


What are the symptoms of Anxiety and the impact on communication?

typically cause issues with talking, comprehending others, and articulating their thoughts. These problems often stem from a combination of factors, including. A lack of confidence in expressing themselves. Difficulties understanding what other people mean.


What types of personality disorders are there?

Borderline personality disorder

Narcissistic personality disorder

Antisocial personality disorder

Avoidant personality disorder

Dependent personality disorder


Neurobehavioural Model

supporting individuals to overcome their problems in a constructive and rewarding way using real life situations


What type of mood disorders are there?

Bipolar disorder


Cyclothymic disorder

Symptoms of mood disorders:

Feelings of hopelessness or helplessness

Difficulty sleeping or daytime sleepiness

Loss of appetite or binge eating

Poor concentration


How do personality disorders affect communication?

Symptoms of personality disorders:

Social anxiety that causes difficulty making friends

Desiring constant attention

Lack of impulse control or difficulty delaying gratification

Inability to realize or admit their faults (ego-syntonic symptoms)

Blaming others for their behaviors and feelings

The feeling of being cheated or exploited

Mood swings

Angry outbursts

Express feelings inappropriately, impulsive, difficulties in social situations, difficulty finding words


Psycholinguistic Processing Model

word, sentence and discourse meaning are computed and represented in the mind (Stackhouse & Wells, 1997)


How do mood disorders affect communication?


pressured speech

poverty of speech

distracted/voice disorders


Means, Reasons and Opportunities

without the means of communication you cannot express yourself, without reasons for communication, there is no point or need to communicate and without the opportunities, there cannot be any communication. A framework for considering the very complex phenomenon of communication (Della Money & Sue Thurman 2002)


What types of psychotic disorders are there? 




Acute psychosis 

schizoaffective disorder.

paranoid personality disorder or schizotypal personality disorder.

Delusional disorder


Person Centred Practice

Supporting people to be actively involved in their own health and care (NHS England)