Lists & Facts
Legends
Geography
True or False
Terms
100
Name 3 crops that were grown in Ancient Mesopotamia

wheat, barley, melons, apples, figs, dates, and grapes

100

The Ancient Mesopotamians believed that ______ was the reason for good or bad crops and weather?

The gods

100

Ancient Mesopotamia is located in which modern day countries?

Syria & Iraq

100
Ancient Mesopotamians never used boats to travel to other civilizations for trade.

False

100

Silt

A mixture of rock and soil that is carried by water


200

Name the two main types of livestock grown in Mesopotamia

Goats, sheep, and other livestock

200

Who supposedly built the wall that surrounds Uruk? 

The King of Gilgamesh

200

These two major Rivers were found in Ancient Mesopotamia and are to thank for it's agricultural success:

Tigris & Euphrates 

200

The earliest known road in Mesopotamia was about 15,000 miles long.

False.

It was 1,500 miles long, stretching throughout the civilization.

200

Barter System

300

Name 3 of the specialized jobs in Ancient Mesopotamia discussed in your TechBook:

Merchants, potters, artists, musicians, builders, farmers

300

What does the name Mesopotamia mean?

"The land between the rivers"

300

The silt from the rivers in Mesopotamia flattened out the landscape, resulting in the land being what natural landscape form?

Plateau 

300

Ancient Mesopotamians eventually began trading with civilizations as far away as Ancient Greece.

True

300

Domestication

the process of breeding animals so they can be used by people

400

Name the 3 major cities of Ancient Mesopotamia

Eridu, Ur, Uruk

400

Who is believed to have founded the city of Eridu? 

The gods Enki and Eridu 

400

These Mountains bordered Mesopotamia to the North and the East.

The Taurus & Zagros Mtns.

400

The city of Uruk had the largest population of any ancient city in Mesopotamia. Around 800,000 people lived in the city.

True - it had the largest population. 

False - there were 80,000 people.

400

Cultivation

Has to do with cultivating the land, or preparing it for crops

500

When was Ancient Mesopotamia established?

Around 3,500 BCE


500

Who did the Ancient Mesopotamians believed invented or gifted them with the seeder plow?

200 Bonus: What is the seeder plow?

They believed it was a gift from the god Enil and the image of the seeder plow could be seen in the stars.

The seeder plow was an agricultural innovation that dug the soil so farmers could drop seeds into the ground after it had been furrowed.

500

Describe how the Springtime floods impacted agriculture in Ancient Mesopotamia? 

  • Each spring the Tigris & Euphrates would fill with melted snow from the mountains and overflow

  • The flooding brought fertile soil, but the climate was very hot & dry and often had little to no rainfall of extended amounts of time

  • Irrigation systems helped them to capture and save this water

500

The City of Ur's geographical placement was important because being close to the Persian Gulf allowed Ur to control the flow of trade in the area.

True

500

Irrigation

the supply of water to land or crops to help with growth, typically though channels 

Click to zoom
M
e
n
u