Mitosis
Meiosis
Structures
Regulation
Cancer
100
LIst the phases of Mitosis in order
What is Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase
100
2 other names for sex cells
What is Gametes, germ cells, egg and sperm cells
100
Chromosomes make an exact copy of one another, they are now called...
What is Sister chromatids
100
What regulates the Cell cycle?
What is Enzymes and checkpoints
100
Tumor that is not harmful
What is Benign
200
Normal chromosomes number for a somatic cell would be
What is 46
200
Each gamete has half the chromosome number, this is known as
What is Haploid
200
The sister chromatids are held together by
What is Centromere
200
What is the specific name of the enzymes that regulate the cell cycle?
What is Cyclins
200
Uncontrolled cell division
What is cancer
300
Longest phase of the cell cycle
What is Interphase G1
300
Genetic Material that is very hard to see since it is not tightly coiled is known as
What is Chromatin
300
How are animal mitosis and plant mitosis different?
What is animal cells have centrioles and undergo cytokinesis, division of the cytoplasm; plant have the cell wall so they need a cell plate to form and separate the 2 cells.
300
List 3 reasons why the cell has to divide?
What is Not enough DNA to support all the organelles and proteins, diffusion rates get slower, surface area decreases while volume increases
300
Forming Blood vessels is known as
What is Angiogenesis
400
Longest phase of Mitosis
What is prophase
400
Fertilized egg is known as? How many chromosomes does it have? This fertilized egg with then divide by?
What is Zygote, 46, Mitosis to get bigger zygote, embryo, fetus etc...
400
Attachment point for the spindle fibers is known as
What is Kinectochore
400
When cells stop division, they enter this "phase"
What is G 0 phase
400
When cancer spreads it is called
What is Metastasis
500
What is our Genetic Code? What is Apoptosis? Give an example of when our body has undergone Apoptosis.
What is A,T,C,G (nitrogen bases they stand for: Adenine, Thymine, Cytosine, Guanine), Apoptosis: programmed cell death, example: DUring our embryonic development, webbing in our fingers and toes went through apoptosis
500
Differentiate between Polar Fibers, Kinectochore fibers?
What is Polar fibers emanate from pole to pole and supply support for the cell while dividing, kinectochore fibers connect to the kinectochore of the chromatids and provides movement for the chromatids
500
What are the spindle & aster made of? What is the function of them during mitosis
What is the protein, microtubules...Function: provide support and movement for the chromosomes.
500
List the checkpoints that the cell undergoes and what are they checking for?
What is G1 checkpoint: make sure cell is big enough, organelles are being replicated, G2 checkpoint: Make sure DNA was properly copied, any last minute things that need to be made, M checkpoint: make sure the cell divided properly
500
Harmful tumor that is dangerous because blood vessels have supplied food, nutrients and oxygen...
What is malignant
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