Diabetes Anatomy Assorted Vocab My Plate Nutrition Labels

100

What is the symptoms of Type 1 Diabetes?
- Dramatic Weight Loss - Dryness of the mouth - Vomiting - Fruity Breath Odor - Blurring of Vision - Lack of Energy

100

What is the process of digestion?
The process by which food is broken down mechanically and chemically in the Gastro Intestinal Tract.

100

What is Water?
- Responsible for transportation, and temperature regulation. - Required in large amounts throughout the day - Most of the Human body is made of this.

100

What is life expectancy?
Can be increased by 6.5 years with a healthy diet.

100

What is patient proper identification?
2 identifiers needed which are: - Name - Birthdate

200

What is the symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?
- Obesity - Close family that has it - Hypertension - History of Cardiovascular Disease

200

What is the Small Intestine?
- 20 feet long - Duodenum - first 10 in. - Jejunum - middle 8 ft. - Ileum - last 11 feet - Essentiall where digestion takes place

200

What is Health?
A state of complete physical, mental and social well being, not just the absence of disease of infirmity.

200

What is the Food Exchange Lists?
- Starch - Fruit - Milk- Skim, Low Fat, Whole - Vegetable - Meat- Very lean, lean, medium fat, high fat - Fats - Monounsaturated, Polyunsaturated, and Saturated

200

What is Food Descriptors?
- Light- Contains 1/3 fewer calories or 1/2 the fat of the original. - More- Contains at least 10% more of the daily value for a particular vitami, mineral, or fiber than the usual serving. - Good Source- 10-19% of the daily value for a particular vitamin, mineral or fiber.

300

What is Diabetes?
A group of metabolic diseases characterized by increased levels of glucose in the blood resulting from defects in Insulin Secretion, Insulin Action, or both.

300

What is the stomach?
Produces Gastrin, stimulates gastric juices to aide in digestion and consists of folds that expand when full.

300

What is Nutrients?
The chemical substances supplied by food that the body needs for 3 life sustaining functions source of energy or heat, support growth, maintenance and repair of tissues and regulate body processes.

300

What is Acculturation?
The process of adopting the values, attitudes, and behaviors of another culture.

300

What is more food descriptors?
- Free- Tiny or insignificant amounts - Low - Can be eaten fairly often without exceeding guidelines - Lean - Extra Lean

400

What is Insulin?
-Transports and metabolizes glucose for energy -Stimulates storage of glucose in the liver and muscle -Signals the liver to stop the release of glucose -Enhances the storage of fats in adipose tissue

400

What is the Large Intestine?
- Colon - Ascending Colon - Transverse Colon - Descending Colon - Sigmoid Colon - Rectum

400

What is a Conditionally Essential Nutrient?
The body can make this under most circumstances at times under stressful situations the body does not.

400

What is disease preventing Phytochemicals?
- Whole Flaxseed - Green Tea - Broccoli, Cabbage, Turnips - Fruits - Vegetables

400

What is a Kilocalorie?
- Commonly refers to as "calorie" - It is a unit measurement of the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of a kilogram of water 1 degree Celsius.

500

What is blood Glucose Monitoring?
- Recommended 2-4 times a day - Whenever Hypo or Hyperhlycemia is expected

500

What is the Salivary Glands?
- Moistens the food for swallowing - Contains salivary amylase - Converts starch to maltose - or shorter chain of glucose.

500

What is the Six Groups of Nutrients?
- Carbohydrates - Fats - Proteins - Water - Vitamins - Minerals

500

What is Ethnocentrism?
Belief that one's own groups view of the world is superior to others.

500

What is the Basics of Food Safety?
- Wash Hands - Food Purchase - Food Storage - Staples - Refrigeration/ freezing

Module 1

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