The World in 1700
Development of Modern Political Thought
Nationalism & Revolutions
The Industrial Revolution
Imperialism
100

What were the motivations of empires (3 Gs)?

God, Glory, Gold

100

What was the Enlightenment?

A period of time where people questioned the government and began to think critically about the human condition. A time of new ideas

100

Who was Miguel Hidalgo?

A Priest who led the Mexican Revolution

100

What Natural Resource Powered the Industrial Revolution?

Coal!

100

What is imperialism?

The extension of a nation’s power over other lands

200

What made the Gunpowder Empires Unique from European Empires?

They practiced religious tolerance and allowed the territories they conquered to maintain their culture

200

Who led the Reign of Terror?

Maximillian Robespierre

200

Known as El Liberator?

Simon Bolivar

200

James Watt is most famously associated with which invention?

Steam Engine

200

What started the Opium War?

Great Britain was exporting Opium to China and the Chinese population was becoming addicted to the drug

300

What continent were people being captured and sold into slavery from?

Africa

300

What was the Tennis Court Oath? Which of the 3 Estates were involved?

The Third Estate calls for more political rights (all this taxation is messed up!) and drafts the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen - kicks off the French Revolution

300

What inspired the Haitian Revolution?

The French Revolution 

Remember: St. Domingue was a colony of France

300

How did England’s social structure change during the Industrial Revolution?

Women, Men, and Children now moved from farms to crowded cities where they were all employed in factories & a new “middle class” emerged – that included doctors, lawyers, and factory managers.

300

The Treaty of Nanjing made China give Great Britain was territory...

Hong Kong (That why Hong Kong prefers Democracy today!)

400

China ruled by the idea that their emperor was divinely appointed - what is this concept called?

What is....the Mandate of Heaven

400

Who was the King of France and how was he executed in the French Revolution?

King Louis XVI was beheaded by guillotine

400

Why was Mexico able to break away from Spain in 1810?

Spain was weak because Napoleon had invaded it

400

What were the two economic ideologies that developed during the Industrial Revolution?

Capitalism (no gov. control, private businesses and competition provide high quality services) & Communism (gov. owns it all and everyone share equally)

400

Why were the colonies of Sierra Leone and Liberia established

For former slaves from the United States

500

Label the pyramid showing Latin American Social Structure (6 groups)

1. Peninsullares

2. Creoles

3. Mestizos

4. Mullatoes

5. Slaves

6. Indigenous people

500

Who became leader of France after the Revolution and how did they gain power?

Napoleon Bonaparte - through popularity because of military achievements & through Coup d'etat

500

Define Nationalism

An extreme pride in one's country. People strongly identify with their nation and think that all other countries are inferior and their country is the best!

500

The first invention that could travel regularly faster than a horse was

The Locomotive

500

What was the Scramble for Africa?

When European Powers met at the Berlin Conference and divided up/redrew African borders and claimed territory to extract resources/colonize

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