The Brain Neurons Divisions of the NS Scenarios Neural Transmission

100

What is the role of the Primary Motor Cortices?
Controls movement

100

What is a nerve cell that goes from your brain to every other part of body to help you move? / What is the basic building block of the nervous system?
A neuron

100

What makes up the Central Nervous System?
The brain and spinal cord

100

What is an example of the somatic nervous system working?
Taste-testing something we are cooking

100

What is a neurotransmitter?
The chemical synthesis in neurons and transmitted across the synapse

200

What is the result of damage to Broca's area?
Is unable to produce fluent speech

200

What is the message a neuron sends to parts of your body?
A nerve impulse.

200

What nerves make up the peripheral nervous system?
Cranial nerves and spinal nerves

200

What is an example of a function controlled by the Autonomic Nervous System?
Breathing

200

What is a synapse?
The tiny gap between neurons

300

What is the result of damage to your cerebellum?
dysfunction in movement, balance, and coordination

300

What is the fatty layer covering an axon that speeds up the rate of transmission?
The myelin sheath

300

What two subsystems can the PNS be divided into?
The somatic nervous system and autonomic nervous system

300

What is a reflex action?
An involuntary response such as removing your hand from a hot stove

300

What is a nerve impulse travelling down an axon called?
An action potential

400

What is the area of the brain responsible for planning, executive thinking, impulse control etc?
The pre-frontal cortex

400

What are the dendrites?
the extension of a neuron that carries impulses toward cell body

400

What is the Sympathetic Nervous System
Nervous system responsible for drying out our mouths in certain situation

400

What is a monosynaptic reflex?
The knee-jerk reaction elicited by hitting the patella tendon located under the kneecap.

400

What are ions?
Electrically charged atoms found in and around nerve cells

500

What is the amygdala?
An area of the brain involved in emotional response and memory

500

What is the nucleus?
The structure of a neuron containing DNA and responsible for processing information

500

What is the role of the Parasympathetic Nervous System?
Maintains homeostasis

500

What is an example of a situation where you override your autonomic nervous system's control?
A staring contest

500

What is the threshold / the point at which a nerve impulse is triggered?
-50 millivolts

Nervous System

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