The Brain
Neurons
Divisions of the NS
Scenarios
Neural Transmission

100

Controls fine movement, coordination, balance etc.
What is the cerebellum?

100

A neuron
What is a nerve cell that goes from your brain to every other part of body to help you move? / What is the basic building block of the nervous system?

100

The brain and spinal cord
What makes up the Central Nervous System?

100

Taste-testing something we are cooking
What is an example of the somatic nervous system working?

100

The chemicals synthesised in neurons and transmitted across the synapse
What is a neurotransmitter?

200

Regulates and guides all other parts of the nervous system, e.g. breathing, heart rate.

What is the brain?

200

The message a neuron sends to parts of your body

What is a nerve impulse?

200

Maintains homeostasis
What is the Parasympathetic Nervous System?

200

Breathing
What is an example of a function controlled by the Autonomic Nervous System?

200

The tiny gap between neurons
What is a synapse?

300

The result of damage to your cerebellum

dysfunction in movement, balance, and coordination

300

The myelin sheath
What is the fatty layer covering an axon that speeds up the rate of transmission?

300

The somatic nervous system and autonomic nervous system
What two subsystems can the PNS be divided into?

300

An involuntary response such as removing your hand from a hot stove
What is a reflex action?

300

An action potential
What is a nerve impulse travelling down an axon called?

400

The area of the brain responsible for planning, executive thinking, impulse control etc

The forebrain (pre-frontal cortex)

400

the extension of a neuron that carries impulses toward cell body
What are the dendrites?

400

Nervous system responsible for drying out our mouths in certain situation
What is the Sympathetic Nervous System

400

The knee-jerk reaction elicited by hitting the patella tendon located under the kneecap.
What is a monosynaptic reflex?

400

Electrically charged atoms found in and around nerve cells
What are ions?

500

A structure of the brain involved in arousal, alertness, and vigilance
What is the reticular formation?

500

The structure of a neuron containing DNA and responsible for processing information
What is the nucleus?

500

The nerves that make up the PNS
What are cranial nerves and spinal nerves? 

500

A staring contest
What is an example of a situation where you override your autonomic nervous system's control?

500

-50 millivolts
What is the threshold / the point at which a nerve impulse is triggered?