ADDICTION
ADDICTED TO ADDICTION
BRAIN STRUCTURES
DEGENERATIVE DISORDERS
CHILDHOOD DISEASES

100

All drug addiction involves what brain region?
What is the brain reward system?

100

Opiates increase the levels of this neurotransmitter in the reward system, creating an intense euphoria then a contented, relaxed state for several hours after injecting.
What is dopamine?

100

Damage to this area of the brain would be life threatening.
What is the medulla oblongata?

100

the most common cause of dementia.
What is Alzheimer's disease?

100

This childhood disease is characterized by social skills impairment, verbal and nonverbal difficulties, obsessive interests and repetitive behaviors. There is a strong genetic component.
What is ASD?

200

Drugs either mimic or inactivate these chemicals used to communicate between neurons. They may also alter they way they are released.
What are neurotransmitters?

200

Heavy marijuana smokers suffer from short term memory issues probably because there are so many cannabinoid receptors in this brain region.
What is the hippocampus?

200

This part of the brain helps us process new memories into permanent storage.
What is the hippocampus?

200

This fibrillar peptide is found throughout the brains of patients who have died with Alzheimer's disease.
What is beta amyloid?

200

This childhood disease is characterized by inability to focus and may be accompanied by hyperactivity. It has a strong genetic component.
What is ADHD?

300

This is a physiological response to continued drug use. Over time, the user needs more and more of the drug to get the same response.
What is tolerance?

300

The active ingredient in marijuana.
What is THC or tetrahydrocannabinol?

300

The oldest part and central core of the brain. It begins where the spinal cord swells as it enters the skull.
What is the brainstem?

300

Death in someone with Alzheimer's disease is usually caused by this condition.
What is the inability to move, and complications like pneumonia that result from it.

300

This childhood disease is characterized by mild to moderate intellectual disabilities; low muscle tone; an upward slant to the eyes; a flat facial profile; an enlarged tongue; and an increased risk of congenital heart defects, respiratory problems, and digestive tract obstruction.
What is Down Syndrome?

400

This drug is the most commonly abused drug in the US. It stimulates the nicotinic acetylcholine receptors and causes both a stimulatory and depressive effect.
What is nicotine?

400

Alcohol abuse can interfere with which two major receptors in the brain and the result is clouded thinking, delayed reaction time, & incoordination
What are GABA receptors and NDMA receptors?

400

A large band of neural tissues that connects the two brain hemispheres allowing them to communicate with one another.
What is corpus callosum?

400

This disease is caused by a very rare dominant genetic condition and may be caused by a mutation in the presenilin gene 1 and/or 2.
What is early onset Alzheimer's disease?

400

This childhood disease is characteriszed by difficulty with phonology and may be linked to Broca's area.
What is dyslexia?

500

The leading cause of mental retardation is caused by abuse of this drug.
What is alchohol (fetal alcohol syndrome)?

500

Large doses of heroin can result in death because of this physiological effect.
What is shallow breathing or cessation of breathing?

500

A nerve network that plays an important role in controlling wakefulness and arousal. It follows the back of the spinal cord as it rises into the brain.
What is reticular formation?

500

These abnormal clumps of protein (a modified tau protein, normally found in the cell body of neurons) are found in patients who have died from Alzheimers
What are neurofibrillary tangles?

500

This childhood disease occurs more often to babies born to older mother's, and is a chromosomal abnormality.
What is Down Syndrome?