Fur Trade Category 1
Fur Trade Category 2
Fur Trade Category 3
Fur Trade Category 4

100

True or False. Native American women were not important to the fur trade.
False. Native American women played very important roles in the fur trade, including preparing furs for trade and repairing canoes.

100

True or False. Europeans valued felt hats as a symbol of social status.
True

100

True or False. Most furs were transported by horse.
False. Most furs were transported up and down rivers by boat or canoe.

100

In the summer, traders, clerks, voyageurs, and some Native Americans met in what at Sault Saint Marie to exchange goods and furs.
What is false. From what we read in chapter 5, traders and their companions met for a rendezvous at Grand Portage.

200

A wealthy man who was usually in charge of one or more trading posts.
Trader

200

The workman of the fur trade who carried and canoed furs from interior posts to trade centers.
Voyageur

200

The ordinary man who usually managed the day-to-day business of a trading post.
Clerk

200

Hunted and trapped animals for furs to trade.
Native American men

300

Often repaired canoes and collected sugar to trade.
Native American women

300

Why were beaver hats so popular in Europe from 1550 to 1850?
The finest and most expensive hats were made of beaver fur, so they were a symbol of wealth, social status, and power. Beaver hats were also soft, durable, and stood up to wind, rain, and rough handling.

300

Why did explorers first come to Minnesota?
Explorers came to MN looking for fame and fortune.

300

Why did missionaries first come to Minnesota?
Missionaries wanted Native Americans to give up their religions in favor of Christianity.

400

Describe the role Native American men played in turning an animal skin into a fur hat.
Native American men trapped fur-bearing animals and traded the pelts with European fur traders.

400

Describe the role Native American women played in turning an animal skin into a fur hat.
Native American women cleaned and prepared fur pelts for trade with European fur traders.

400

Describe the term "portage".
A portage is a place where boats or goods are carried overland from one stretch of water to another.

400

Describe the term "rendezvous".
A rendezvous is an annual summer meeting of traders, clerks, voyaguers, and Native American groups.

500

Describe some of the things (other than trading furs) Europeans learned from Native American groups as part of the fur trade.
Native Americans taught Europeans how to make birchbark canoes. They also taught Europeans how to make snowshoes and toboggans for winter travel.

500

What types of items did traders bring to the Americas with them that showed their high social status?
Traders often brought items such as fine china, silverware, and stores of tea, coffee, chocolate, or brandy.

500

Name two of the three major fur trading companies the controlled the fur trade in what is now Minnesota by the 1700's.
The biggest fur trading company was the North West Company. Its main competitors were the Hudson's Bay Company and the XY Company.

500

After the War of 1812, who were the only people allowed to trade furs with Native Americans in the Americas?
Only U.S. citizens were allowed to trade furs with Native American groups.