Definitions
More Definitions!
True or False
Multiple Choice
Fill in the Blank
100
Carbohydrates
One of three main types of food. Found in plant products such as breads, cereals, grains, fruits, and vegetables. They provide the body with a source of energy. Carbohydrates are made up of carbon, hydrogen, and nitrogen, and are subdivided into simple carbohydrates (sugar, fruit) and complex carbohydrates (vegetables, starches).
100
Complimentary Proteins
Protein sources that individually are short one or more essential amino acids but which provide complete protein when eaten together. Grains eaten with legumes (such as rice with beans) result in a complete protein.
100
We need to eat only two different types of foods to stay healthy.
False
100
Which of the following statements describing carbohydrates is correct? A. Carbohydrates are found in red meat. B. Carbohydrates are good energy sources. C. Milk is a good source of carbohydrates. D. All of the above.
B. Carbohydrates are good energy sources.
100
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ are a measure of 'Heat Energy'.
Calories
200
Fats
One of the three main classes of foods and a source of energy in the body. Fats help the body use some vitamins and keep the skin healthy. They are also used as energy for the body. In food, there are two main types of fats: saturated (found in meats, milk, and other dairy products) and unsaturated (found in olive oil, nuts, and some fish).
200
Empty Calories
All food provides calories and energy, but not all foods come with extra benefits, such as fats, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. Foods with “empty calories”(such as sugar), have calories with no extra benefits.
200
Fats are necessary to keep the nerves in our brains insulated and healthy.
True
200
Which of the following statements describing proteins is NOT correct? A. Plants provide our bodies with complete proteins. B. Certain combinations of foods are complimentary proteins. C. Proteins are the building blocks of your body. D. Milk, eggs, and meat contain complete proteins.
A. Plants provide our bodies with complete proteins.
200
Carbohydrates give you _ _ _ _ _ _ and can be found in Fruits, vegetables, beans & bread.
energy
300
Protein
One of three main types of food. Protein helps the body to build muscles and to repair itself. Proteins are the basic chemicals that make up the structure of cells and direct their activities.
300
Fiber
Fiber is a mixture of indigestible carbohydrates found in plant foods. Fiber does not supply calories or nutrients, but aids in digestion. Fiber is found in many vegetables, fruits, beans, and whole grains.
300
An average person uses about 2,000 food calories per day just to keep moving.
True
300
How much many calories in a banana? A) 125 calories B) 110 calories C) 100 calories D) 130 calories
D. 15 Mililiters
300
Every person needs ___ square meals a day.
3
400
Calorie (c)
The energy-producing potential in food. In science, a calorie is defined as the amount of heat energy needed to raise the temperature of one milliliter of water one degree Celsius. This scientific definition is for a so-called “small” calorie and is designated with a small “c”.
400
Sodium
Sodium is a mineral needed in small amounts to help maintain blood pressure. Too much sodium leads to high blood pressure, known as hypertension.
400
If sugar is listed first in the ingredients in a food product, that means the product is very nutritious.
False
400
Daily Value is the amount of that nutrient you need each ___? A) Week B) Day C) Month D) Year
B) Day
400
Our brain is approximately __ % fat.
60
500
Complete Proteins
Most animal products, such as meat and dairy products, contain all of the essential amino acids and are said to be “complete proteins.” Essential amino acids are those that cannot be manufactured by the body.
500
Iron
Iron is a Mineral and you need it for your muscles and to build Red Blood Cells. The amount you need a day is tiny and one good food source you can get it from is Cereal . Anemia is the disease caused from not having enough iron.
500
Fiber pushes food through our bodies and cleans out bacteria from our digestive systems.
True
500
We only need ___ tablespoon of fat a day? A) 1 B) 4 C) 3 D) 5
A) 1
500
_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ come from the Earth’s Crust but we don’t have to eat Rocks to get them.
Minerals
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