Protein
Carbohydrates
Fats
Vitamins
Minerals
100
Name 2 animal foods that are good sources of protein
meat, fish
100
what is the function of carbohydrates in the body?
provide energy / provide fibre (NSP)
100
Give 2 functions of fat in the diet
provides concentrtaed source of energy / insulates the body / forms a protective layer around our vital organs / a valuable source of fat soluable vitamins (A,D,E & K)
100
Which fruits are a good sourcre of Vitamin C?
citrus fruits / blackcurrants / strawberries
100
Which foods are a good source of calcuim?
dairy products / fortified white bread
200
Name 2 non animal sources of protein
soya, quorn, nuts, pulses, egg
200
what are they 3 types of carbohydrates?
Sugar / Starch / Fibre (NSP)
200
Which type of fats are mainly found in animal foods?
Saturated fats
200
Which method of cooking would help to retain Vitamin C content of fruit & vegetables?
Steaming / Baking
200
what is the function of calcium in the diet?
formation of strong teeth and bones
300
What is the function of protein
Growth and repair of body cells
300
What is the function of fibre in the diet?
Adds moisture and bulk to faeces / helps remove waste from the body / helps to prevent bowel disorders such as constipation, piles and bowel cancer.
300
Eating a diet high in fat is associated with which diet related health issues?
Obesity / Heart disease
300
Where in the body are fat soluable vitamins stored?
In the liver
300
what is the function of iron in the diet? Name 1 food rich in iron.
production of haemoglobin / formation of red blood cells / carry oxygen in the blood. red meat / liver / kidney / green vegetables / eggs
400
what are proteins made up from?
amino acids
400
Which type of carbohydrate is sometimes referd to as complex carbohydrtaes and why?
Polysaccharides / starches
400
What are essential fatty acids? Give one example
Fats that cannot be made in the body but are essentialto efficient functioning of the body. Omega 3 / Omega 6
400
What is the function of folic acid?
Foetal development / Essential for formation of red blood cells
400
which vitamin is required for the absorption of iron?
Vitamin C
500
What is meant by the term 'high biological value'?
A protein containing all the essential amino acids.
500
What are intrinsic and extrinsic sugars?
intrinsic - found naturally in cells of fruit & vegetables / extrinsic - those which you can see e.g. sugar, syrup.
500
What type of fats although unsaturauted, behaves like at saturated fat?
Trans-fatty acids (hydrogenated fat)
500
Why are we beginning to see occurances rickets in children again?
Lack of exposure to sunlight (dont play outside as much as they did / are driven by car ranter than walking / cultural dress code.
500
What does the term fortification / fortified mean in relation to food products? Give 1 example
Addition of nutrients to foods e.g. breakfast cereals fortified with vitamins / minerals. Bread flour fortified with calcium
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