Nutrients
The Food Pyramid
Vocabulary
Part I
Digestion
Vocabulary Part II
100
These are your body's main source of energy. You need a lot of them because your body uses them quickly.
What are carbohydrates (carbs)?
100
You find a lot this in foods like donuts, sugary treats and fast foods. Try not to eat too many of these.
What are Fats?
100
This is an illness caused by eating foods containing germs.
What is food poisoning?
100
This is where food is broken down into smaller pieces and digestion of food begins.
What is the mouth?
100
Something you do so often you do not even think about it.
What is a habit?
200
These give your body more energy than any other kind of nutrient. Your body stores this when you do not use the food energy you take in. Sweets and fast foods have a lot of these, so choose these foods carefully!
What are fats?
200
With this group, the darker the greenness, the better it is for you.
What is the Vegetable group?
200
All the things used to make food.
What are ingredients?
200
The tube in which food passes from the mouth to the stomach.
What is the esophagus?
200
This is something you make when you decide to eat an apple instead of a candy bar, for example.
What is a healthy choice?
300
These give you energy, and also help repair and build your cells. Eggs, meat and fish are good sources.
What are proteins?
300
This group is low in fat, and is a great source of fiber, vitamins and minerals. Not only can you eat this group, but you can drink it as well.
What is the Fruit group?
300
The measured amount of a type of food you would eat in a meal or a snack.
What is a serving?
300
This is where digestive juices first mix with, and churn, your food. Proteins are broken down here.
What is the stomach?
300
A guide to help you decide on what foods you can choose for a healthy diet.
What is the food pyramid?
400
This nutrient makes up more than half of your body and is needed for life. It helps break down foods and carries away waste.
What is water?
400
This is a healthy bunch, but the "low fat" or "fat free" types of this group are a more healthy choice.
What is the Milk group?
400
Like water, this helps your body digest wastes. It sweeps your body like a broom.
What is fiber?
400
In this intestine, water is removed from undigested food.
What is the large intestine?
400
Part of a food package that contains its nutritional and ingredient information.
What is a food label?
500
These two nutrients help your body grow, work, and do certain things, but too many can be harmful for your body.
What are vitamins and minerals?
500
Tortillas, pasta, and bread are in this group. Try out the whole grain versions for a healthier choice. They are usually low in fat, and contain carbohydrates.
What is the Grains group?
500
This is when you eat healthy foods from each of the food groups. This gives you the nutrients your body needs.
What is a balanced diet?
500
In this intestine, digestive juices finish breaking down proteins, carbohydrates, and fats.
What is the small intestine?
500
This breaks down large nutrients in your stomach and small intestine.
What are digestive juices?
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