Margarita
Pina Colada
Mojito
Rum & Coke
TRUE/FALSE

100

ARDS is an acronym for this  condition in which fluid collects in the lungs' air sacs, depriving organs of oxygen

What is Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome?

100

Periods with no breathing that typically last 10-60 seconds is known as this

What is apnea?

100

Cheyne-Stokes, sometimes called "agonal breathing," is the term for this breathing pattern

What is very irregular?

100

This is the number one risk factor for developing COPD

What is smoking?

100

In type 1 diabetes there is almost complete destruction of beta cells. The alpha cells are present in normal numbers but their function is impaired

TRUE

200

This is a type of neurological degenerative disease in which alpha synuclein forms clumps

What is dementia with Lewy Bodies?

200

The reversible airflow obstruction and bronchospasm caused by genetic (hundreds of genes linked) and environmental (thaletes- building products, environmental pollutants, tobacco (primary or secondary), allergens, and obesity is known as this

What is asthma?

200

These cells are in the middle of the islets of Langerhans and secrete insulin

What are beta cells?

200

Slow respirations are known by this term

What is Bradypnea?

200

Atherosclerosis often has no symptoms until a plaque ruptures or the buildup is severe enough to block blood flow

TRUE

300

This is the name for an endocrine disorder that occurs because of adrenal insufficiency

What is Addison's Disease?

300

The function of this hormone is to insert aquaporins (Aquaporin 2 specifically) into the tubular luminal membrane in the kidneys

What is the antidiuretic hormone?

300

This irregular, often uncomfortable-to-watch, pattern of breathing is often seen in the last days and hours of life but may also be seen in some people with congestive heart failure

What is Cheyne-Stokes?

300

Hormone secreting adenomas can cause this condition from over secretion of cortisol

What is Cushing's Syndrome?

300

Asthma can be treated by decreasing the number of triggers, injected steroids and bronchodilators

FALSE - inhaled steroids

400

Acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) result from an acute, diffuse injury to the alveolocapillary membrane and decreased production of this substance

What is surfactant (increases membrane permeability and causes edema, atelectasis, and hypoxemia)

400

Addison's Disease causes symptoms of fatigue, weight loss, hypotension, hypoglycemia and this pigmented skin condition

What is vitiligo?

400

Alveolar macrophages and neutrophils start to accumulate in the alveoli in order to attack the antigen in this illness

What is pneumonia?

400

Arteriosclerosis is a buildup of this in the walls of arteries causing obstruction of blood flow

What is cholesterol plaque?

400

Testing the Cingulate Gyrus for CIS helps to differentiate whether a patient has Dementia with Lewy Bodies (positive test) or Alzheimer’s disease (negative test).

TRUE

500

Addison's Disease is caused by this adrenal impediment

What is adrenal dysgenesis (adrenal glands don't form properly, or impaired steroidal genesis, autoimmune adrenal dysfunction, unable to synthesize cholesterol)?

500

Alpha cells, located on the periphery of the islets of Langerhans, secrete this

What is glucagon?

500

Alveolar macrophages stimulate these proteins, which induce the symptoms of fever, chills, myalgia, and fatigue

What are cytokines?

500

Genetic factors can cause COPD, specifically, a defect in this (produced in liver and helps protect from protase called neutrophil elastase - breaks down elastin), making lungs less compliant

What is alpha 1 antitrypsin?

500

Congestive Heart Failure is often caused by hypotension, myocardial infarction, alcohol abuse, myocarditis

FALSE - hypertension