Groups
Rulers
Thinkers
Revolutionaries
Scientists
100
They were "holy" warriors who left Europe to fight for the Holy Land. They didn't win, but they did get their salt.
crusaders
100
This fascist leader was responsible for the Holocaust, and arguably World War II.
Hitler
100
This former Indian prince left a life of luxury to pursue enlightenment. He said that "all desire causes suffering." He developed the Eightfold Path and today there is a belief system named after him.
Gautama Buddha
100
This Indian revolutionary practiced non-violence, like his salt march protests against British imperialism.
Gandhi
100
This German inventor created the printing press, which allowed for books to be mass produced, improving literacy rates throughout the world.
Gutenberg
200
Although these people made up 90% of feudal society, they had no land and therefore had no power.
peasants
200
This dramatic Soviet leader said that he would modernize the Soviet Union's agriculture and industry through his Five-Year Plans.
Stalin
200
Natural rights! The rights that everybody has from birth.
John Locke
200
This Bolshevik leader came to power following the disasters of World War I and the downfall of the Russian government, promising "Peace, land and bread."
Lenin
200
For centuries people thought that the sun went around the Earth, until this Polish astronomer correctly developed his heliocentric model.
Copernicus
300
This warrior class from Japan followed the way of the warrior--the Bushido Code.
Samurai
300
This leader of China was largely known for his socio-political programs like the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution.
Mao Zedong
300
This Chinese philosopher talked about the Five Noble Truths and emphasized the importance of giving respect to elders and those in authority.
Confucius
300
This former slave led a revolt in Haiti, creating the first post-colonial independent nation in 1803.
L'Ouverture
300
This former patent clerk developed technology necessary to create an atomic bomb. As a result, the control and spread of nuclear weapons is still an issue today.
Einstein
400
These 16th and 17th century folks went against the biggest team in town--the Catholic Church.
Protestants
400
This great leader of the African nation of Mali spread Islam to his people after he traveled to Mecca.
Mansa Musa
400
This person viewed history as a "struggle between social classes." He urged all workers to organize and overthrow the landowners and factory owners. He is thought of as the "father of communism."
Karl Marx
400
Along with Jose de San Martin, this South American revolutionary worked to eliminate Spanish influence in present day Columbia, Venezuela and Bolivia.
Simon Bolivar
400
This Italian physicist went before the Catholic Inquisition to defend his ideas of a sun-centered universe.
Galileo
500
This group of French Enlightenment thinkers developed the ideas of equality of the social classes and the nation-state.
Philosophes
500
This British queen was the longest ruling monarch in history. She extended England's rule around the world--the "sun never set" on her 19th century empire.
Victoria
500
This Enlightenment thinker wrote about free markets and is thought of as the "father of capitalism."
Adam Smith
500
This Chinese leader tried to establish democracy in China. Later, he was banished by Mao Zedong when the Nationalists lost to the Communists in a civil war.
Chiang Kai-shek.
500
This English scientist is credited with developing the "scientific method," which helped organize scientific inquiry and research.
Sir Francis Bacon
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