Tips and Suggestions
Governmental Findings
PA Skills
Statistics
Class Activities
100
The length of time that phonemic awareness instruction should be performed each day
What is 10-30 minutes
100
This method of phonics instruction has been deemed most effective overall
What is phonemic awareness
100
The ability to break down a word into its phonemes
What is segmenting
100
Approximate percentage of students whose reading ability increased greatly as a result of phonemic awareness instruction
What is 86%
100
A rhyming activity that focuses on phonemic awareness
(Multiple Possible Answers) i.e. rhyming nonsense words, complete the sentence, identify rhyme in song/write a rhyming song
200
PA instruction is most effective when done in this size of group
What is a small group
200
Since 1997, this group of research committees have conducted numerous studies on the effectiveness of phonemic awareness
What is the National Reading Panel
200
The ability to put together two or more phonemes to create a word
What is blending
200
Approximate percentage of at-risk-readers whose reading ability increased greatly as a result of phonemic awareness instruction
What is 95%
200
A syllable manipulation activity that focuses on phonemic awareness
(Multiple Answers) i.e. Humpty Dumpty, Teacher May We?, How Many Syllables in a Name?
300
Students learn best when these tools are used along with instruction
What are pictures and manipulatives
300
Phonemic awareness scored higher than all other methods of instruction in these four areas of reading/language arts
What are decoding, comprehension, spelling, and writing
300
What is the ability to apply knowledge of letter-sound relationships, including knowledge of letter patterns, to correctly pronounce written words
What is decoding
300
Approximate percentage of students who maintained high phonemic awareness skills in a follow-up test performed nine years after initial instruction
What is 73%
300
An onset-rhyme manipulation activity that focuses on phonemic awareness
(Multiple Answers) i.e. Is this a Word?, Mail a Package, Going on a Word Hunt
400
To help students remember sounds more easily, teachers should associate sounds with these
What are pictures
400
Phonemic awareness gives a substantial boost to this particular group of students
What are at-risk-readers (especially English Language Learners)
400
The ability to classify words according to certain characteristics
What is categorization
400
Approximate percentage of students whose decoding ability increased greatly as a result of phonemic awareness instruction
What is 56%
400
A phoneme identification activity that focuses on phonemic awareness
(Multiple Answers) i.e. I Spy, Scavenger Hunt, Bag Game
500
The grades where phonemic awareness instruction is most impactful
What are preschool and kindergarten
500
According to researchers, phonemic awareness instruction should only be provided for these grades in school
What are pre-K through 2nd grade
500
The ability to write or name the letters of a word
What is spelling
500
Approximate percentage of students whose spelling ability increased greatly as a result of phonemic awareness instruction
What is 59%
500
A phoneme-grapheme relationship activity that focuses on phonemic awareness
(Multiple Answers) i.e. Letter-Sound Bingo, Dominoes, Name that Letter
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