Ch.8
Ch.9
Ch.9
Ch.10
Ch.10
100

The processing of information into the memory system—for example,by extracting meaning.

What is encoding?

100

All the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating.

What is cognition?

100

The ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations.

What is intelligence?

100

A need or desire that energizes and directs behavior.

What is motivation?

100

A tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state; the regulation of any aspect of body chemistry, such as blood glucose, around a particular level.

What is homeostasis?

200

When misleading information has corrupted one’s

memory of an event.

What is the misinformation effect?

200

A tendency to search for information that supports our preconceptions and to ignore or distort contradictory evidence.

What is confirmation bias?

200

A tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past.

What is a mental set?

200

The idea that a physiological need creates an aroused tension state (a drive) that motivates an organism to satisfy the need. 

What is drive-reduction theory?

200

We prioritize survival-based needs and then social needs more than the needs for esteem and meaning

What is Maslow’s hierarchy of needs?

300

The processing of many aspects of a problem simultaneously;the brain’s natural mode of information processing for many functions.

What is parallel processing?

300

The ability to perceive, understand, manage, and use emotions.


What is emotional intelligence?

300

A test designed to predict a person’s future performance. 

What is an aptitude test?

300

The theory of emotion which states that emotions arise from the perception and interpretation of bodily changes.

What is James-Lange theory?

300

Excessive self-love and self absorption.

What is narcissism?

400

Organizing items into familiar, manageable units; often occurs automatically.

What is chunking?

400

Expanding the number of possible problem solutions; creative thinking that diverges in different directions.

What is divergent thinking?

400

The extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to. 

What is validity?

400

A complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned.

What is an instinct?

400

The deliberate social exclusion of individuals or groups.

What is ostracism?

500

A neural center located in the limbic system; helps process explicit memories for storage.

What is the hippocampus?

500

Our accumulated knowledge and verbal skills; tends to increase with age.

What is crystallized intelligence?

500

Our abilities are best classified into eight or nine independent intelligences, which include a broad range of skills beyond traditional school smarts.

What is Gardner's multiple intelligences theory?
500

A desire for significant accomplishment; for mastery of skills or ideas; for control; and for attaining a high standard.

What is achievement motivation?

500

In psychology, passion and perseverance in the pursuit of long-term goals.

What is grit?

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